LAKE  

INTENSELY BIG ACCUMULATION OF WATER IN a LANDSCAPE.
PONDPOOLTARNRESERVOIRSLOUGHLAGOONWATERWATERHOLEWATERING HOLEINLAND SEAOXBOW (LAKE)POTHOLE (LAKE)GLACIAL LAKE
Hypernym

WATER -> LIQUID -> SUBSTANCE -> THING -> OBJECT -> PRIME -> N/A

BAY

See also

MARSHSEA

Hyponym
Old Chinese Criteria

1. The current general word for a lake of any shape or kind is hú 湖, but that term does exclude the ocean.

2.. Yuān 淵 refers to a very deep pool.

3. Zé 澤 refers to a large natural lake (and also to the marshy landscape around such a lake).

4. Hǎi 海 can, from Han times onwards, come to refer to large lakes.

5. Tán 潭 is a small but rather deep (typically natural) pool.

8. Shǔ 藪 refers to a large shallow lake rich in water plants.

黄金貴:古漢語同義詞辨釋詞典

HUANG JINGUI 2006

GEOGRAPHY 10. 天然水池。

沼,通稱。

污,小水池。

潢,比 “ 污 ” 大的水池。

汪,污濁的小水池。

窪、或稱潭,深水池,前者為關東方言,後者是楚地方言。

淵,有旋渦的深水池。

  • A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages ( BUCK 1988) p. 1.33

  • Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien ( DOEDERLEIN 1840) p.

    LAKE

    lacuna is a poetical word referring quite generally to any standing water, from a sea to a mere pool.

    lacus refers to a collection of standing water kept sound and fresh by it own spring or by ebbing and flowing which is large enugh to bring to mind the image of the open sea.

    stagnum is a very small lake or pool.

    palus is a stagnant, foul collection of water, typically in a marsh or any landscape covered with a surface of foul water.

    uligo refers to a bog or moor in which a person might sink down and drown.

  • 古代文化詞異集類辨考 Gudai wenhua ci yi ji lei bian kao ( HUANG JINGUI 1995) p. 48

  • Table de definitions, pp. 437- ( LEIBNIZ 1704) p. 442

  • Lateinische Synonymik ( MENGE) p. 246

  • Encyclopedia of Religion ( JONES 2005) p.

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • n : 39
  • NP{N1&N2} : 1
  • n{PLACE}adV : 1

Attributions by text

  • 管子 : 6
  • 毛詩 : 6
  • 韓非子 : 6
  • 春秋左傳 : 4
  • 韓詩外傳 : 4
  • 楚辭 : 4
  • 孟子 : 3
  • 淮南子 : 3
  • 荀子 : 2
  • 說苑 : 1
  • 論語 : 1
  • 禮記 : 1

Words

   yuān OC: qʷiin MC: ʔen 28 Attributions

Yuān 淵 refers to a very deep pool.

  • n{PLACE}adVin the deep lakes
  • nNorthern speech: very deep pool; deep pond
   zhǎo OC: kljewʔ MC: tɕiɛu 6 Attributions
  • nnon-artificial lake; (uninhabitable) marshlands
   sǒu OC: sqlooʔ MC: su 2 Attributions

Shǔ 藪 refers to a large shallow lake rich in water plants.

  • nlarge shallow natural lake with water plants
污 / 汙   wū OC: qʷlaa MC: ʔuo̝ wù OC: qʷlaas MC: ʔuo̝ 1 Attribution
  • ndirty muddled natural pool
洿   wū OC: qʷlaa MC: ʔuo̝ 1 Attribution
  • nstagnant water; pool
   tán OC: ɡ-loom MC: dəm 1 Attribution

Tán 潭 is a small but rather deep (typically natural) pool.

  • nSouthern speech: deep water, deep pool
   zé OC: ɡrlaaɡ MC: ɖɣɛk 1 Attribution

Zé 澤refers to a large natural lake (and also to the marshy landscape around such a lake).

  • nlarge natural lake
洿池   wū chí OC: qʷlaa rlal MC: ʔuo̝ ɖiɛ 1 Attribution
  • NP{N1&N2}nonreferentialponds and pools
   qiān OC: kheen MC: khen 0 Attributions
  • nwater from a river flowing out and building a stagnant pool (LIE)
   bó OC: blaaɡ MC: bɑk 0 Attributions
  • npost-Han northern dialect: natural lake
   hǎi OC: hmlɯɯʔ MC: həi 0 Attributions

Hǎi 海 can, from Han times onwards, come to refer to large lakes.

  • nfrom Han times onwards: large lake
   diàn OC: deens MC: den 0 Attributions
  • nnorthern dialect: shallow lake or bog
   hú OC: ɡaa MC: ɦuo̝ 0 Attributions

The current general word for a lake of any shape or kind is hú 湖, but that term does exclude the ocean.

  • n(usually natural) lake

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: