REQUEST INTENSELY HUMBLY FOR A GIFT.
Old Chinese Criteria
Begging is not a common subject discussed in early texts, either because it was not common, or because it was not a dignified subject to bring up in belles lettres. However, also hard texts do not currently refer to begging as an institution.
1. The old general word is qǐ 乞 which refers to the professional practise of a beggar as well as any other non-professional form of begging.
2. Gài 丐 is a less current term for begging.
Modern Chinese Criteria
叫化 is the most current colloquial expression for begging.
討飯 is a current modern formal word for begging, and the focus is on begging as a means to provide food.
要飯 is a more informal word for begging, and the focus is on begging as a means to provide food.
乞討 (lit) is a rather abstract word for begging.
討乞 (lit) is a rather abstract word for begging.
行乞 "conduct begging" is a formal sometimes even bureaucratic and administrative word to use for begging.
行乞為生 refers to the supporting of one's living expenses by begging.
求乞 (lit) is a rather formal word for begging.
乞食 refers specifically to begging for food.
托缽 "hold forward the begging bowl" is a Buddhist term for begging.
要錢 refers specifically to begging for money.
討錢 refers specifically, and in a somewhat more formal style, to begging for money.
叫花子 is a standard informal word referring to a beggar.
丐幫 refers to a gang of beggars.
rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH ／
Attributions by syntactic funtion
Attributions by text
- 賢愚經 : 11
- 春秋左傳 : 7
- 戰國策 : 4
- 韓非子 : 3
- 祖堂集 : 3
- 禮記 : 2
- 孟子 : 2
- 說苑 : 1
- 論語 : 1
- 呂氏春秋 : 1
- 論衡 : 1
- 管子 : 1
- 臨濟錄 : 1
- 淮南子 : 1
- 妙法蓮華經 : 1
乞 qǐ OC: khɯd MC: khɨt 28 Attributions
The old general word is qǐ 乞 which refers to the professional practise of a beggar as well as any other non-professional form of begging. [[CURRENT]]
- nabactbegging; begging for alms
- vadNbegging (person)
- viactengage in begging
- vt+Vbeg to be permitted to do something
- vtoNnegativeask/beg (a person for food); beg for
- vtoNobject=thingask for (what the other party might refuse to give)
- vttoN.+Vbeg somebody to do something
- vttoN1.+N2beg for N1 from possible donor N2
- vttoN1.+prep+N2ask (something N1) (from someone N2) 乞諸其鄰
- vttoN1(.+N2)beg for N1 from a contextually determinate person
乞丐 qǐ gài OC: khɯd kaads MC: khɨt kɑi 3 Attributions
- VPadNreduced to beggary
- VPiactbeg; go begging
乞食 qǐ shí OC: khɯd ɢljɯɡ MC: khɨt ʑɨk 3 Attributions
- NPabactbegging for food; living by begging
- VPiactbeg for food> go begging
丐 gài OC: kaads MC: kɑi 2 Attributions
Gài 丐 is a less current term for begging. [[RARE]]
- viactengage in begging from others
- vtt(oN1.)+N2ask/beg (a person) (for something)
乞人 qǐ rén OC: khɯd njin MC: khɨt ȵin 2 Attributions
行乞 xíng qǐ OC: ɢraaŋ khɯd MC: ɦɣaŋ khɨt 2 Attributions
- VPiactgo around begging for alms (as a Buddhist)
丐者 gài zhě OC: kaads kljaʔ MC: kɑi tɕɣɛ 0 Attributions
- NPbeggar 唐 元結 《丐者論》："作丐者之狀貌，學丐者之言辭。"
Existing SW for
Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: