BEG  要飯

REQUEST INTENSELY HUMBLY FOR A GIFT.
PANHANDLEASK FOR MONEYSEEK CHARITYSEEK ALMSSPONGECADGESCROUNGEBUMMOOCH
Kind Of

REQUEST

Old Chinese Criteria

Begging is not a common subject discussed in early texts, either because it was not common, or because it was not a dignified subject to bring up in belles lettres. However, also hard texts do not currently refer to begging as an institution.

[[CURRENT]], [[RARE]]

1. The old general word is qǐ 乞 which refers to the professional practise of a beggar as well as any other non-professional form of begging.

[[CURRENT]]

2. Gài 丐 is a less current term for begging.

[[RARE]]

Modern Chinese Criteria

叫化 is the most current colloquial expression for begging.

討飯 is a current modern formal word for begging, and the focus is on begging as a means to provide food.

要飯 is a more informal word for begging, and the focus is on begging as a means to provide food.

乞討 (lit) is a rather abstract word for begging.

討乞 (lit) is a rather abstract word for begging.

行乞 "conduct begging" is a formal sometimes even bureaucratic and administrative word to use for begging.

行乞為生 refers to the supporting of one's living expenses by begging.

求乞 (lit) is a rather formal word for begging.

乞食 refers specifically to begging for food.

托缽 "hold forward the begging bowl" is a Buddhist term for begging.

要錢 refers specifically to begging for money.

討錢 refers specifically, and in a somewhat more formal style, to begging for money.

叫花子 is a standard informal word referring to a beggar.

丐幫 refers to a gang of beggars.

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 11.53

REY 2005 Dictionnaire culturel en langue francaise 3.526

SCHMIDT 1889 Handbuch der lateinischen und griechischen Synonymik 11

STUMPFELDT 2002 Und folge dem, was mein Herz begehrt Hamburger Sinologische Schriften 1.295-328

WEBER 1857 Democritus Ridens 11.287

HONG CHENGYU 2009 古漢語常用詞同義詞詞典 419

FRANKE 1989 Bibliographisches Handbuch zur Sprachinhaltsforschung. Teil II. Systematischer Teil. B. Ordnung nach Sinnbezirken (mit einem alphabetischen Begriffsschluessel): Der Mensch und seine Welt im Spiegel der Sprachforschung 120A

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 9
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2 : 6
  • vi : 5
  • VPi : 4
  • nab : 3
  • vt+V[0] : 3
  • NPab : 3
  • NP : 2
  • vttoN.+V[0] : 2
  • VPadN : 1
  • vadN : 1
  • vttoN1(.+N2) : 1

Attributions by text

  • 賢愚經 : 11
  • 春秋左傳 : 7
  • 戰國策 : 4
  • 韓非子 : 3
  • 祖堂集 : 3
  • 禮記 : 2
  • 孟子 : 2
  • 說苑 : 1
  • 論語 : 1
  • 呂氏春秋 : 1
  • 論衡 : 1
  • 管子 : 1
  • 臨濟錄 : 1
  • 淮南子 : 1
  • 妙法蓮華經 : 1

Words

   qǐ OC: khɯd MC: khɨt 28 Attributions

The old general word is qǐ 乞 which refers to the professional practise of a beggar as well as any other non-professional form of begging. [[CURRENT]]

  • nabactbegging; begging for alms
  • vadNbegging (person)
  • viactengage in begging
  • vt+V[0]beg to be permitted to do something
  • vtoNnegativeask/beg (a person for food); beg for
  • vtoNobject=thingask for (what the other party might refuse to give)
  • vttoN.+V[0]beg somebody to do something
  • vttoN1.+N2beg for N1 from possible donor N2
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2ask (something N1) (from someone N2) 乞諸其鄰
  • vttoN1(.+N2)beg for N1 from a contextually determinate person
乞丐   qǐ gài OC: khɯd kaads MC: khɨt kɑi 3 Attributions
  • NPabactbegging
  • VPadNreduced to beggary
  • VPiactbeg; go begging
乞食   qǐ shí OC: khɯd ɢljɯɡ MC: khɨt ʑɨk 3 Attributions
  • NPabactbegging for food; living by begging
  • VPiactbeg for food> go begging
   gài OC: kaads MC: kɑi 2 Attributions

Gài 丐 is a less current term for begging. [[RARE]]

  • nbeggar
  • viactengage in begging from others
  • vtt(oN1.)+N2ask/beg (a person) (for something)
乞人   qǐ rén OC: khɯd njin MC: khɨt ȵin 2 Attributions
  • NPsubject=humanbeggar
行乞   xíng qǐ OC: ɢraaŋ khɯd MC: ɦɣaŋ khɨt 2 Attributions
  • VPiactgo around begging for alms (as a Buddhist)
丐者   gài zhě OC: kaads kljaʔ MC: kɑi tɕɣɛ 0 Attributions
  • NPbeggar 唐 元結 《丐者論》:"作丐者之狀貌,學丐者之言辭。"

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: