BURY  埋葬

PUT a DEAD HUMAN OR ANIMAL INTO a HOLE in the EARTH.
INTERLAY TO RESTENTOMBBURIALINTERMENTENTOMBMENTCOMMITTALINHUMATIONLAYING TO RESTCREMATIONOBSEQUIESLAST OFFICESMEMORIAL SERVICE
See also

EXECUTESACRIFICECOFFIN

Kind Of

PUT

Old Chinese Criteria

1. Mái 埋 is the very general word for concrete interment, the placing of any object in the ground by digging a whole for it.

2. The general word for human burial and funeral arrangements is zàng 葬. For the ritual aspects of funeral practice the standard word is sāng 喪. See MOURNING

3. Bìn 殯 is a formal ritual term referring to the placing of a dead person in a coffin.

4. Shōu 收 is a formal ritual term for preparing a dead person for formal burial.

5. Yì 瘞 is a formal ritual term sometimes referring to preliminary or informal burial, but more regularly to the sacrificial burial of gifts for the deceased.

6. Kēng 坑 is the burying of one or more persons alive, as punishment, or as an emergency burial of large numbers of persons. See EXECUTE

7. Fù 祔 refers in a formal and technical way to the current practice of burying a person in the same grave as someone else, and to the ritual of placing the name tablet of the deceased next to that of someone with whom he was to be ritual associated.

8. Gǎi zàng 改葬 refers to ritual reburial.

9. Sì 肂 is a rare technical term for "preliminary burial".

10. Biǎn 窆 is a rare technical term for "lower into the grave".

11. Diàn 奠 refers to the sacrifice before the enterment of the body. See SACRIFICE

黄金貴:古漢語同義詞辨釋詞典

HUANG JINGUI 2006

SACRIFICE 13.

奠,對人死至葬前所進行的祭祀,置酒食於地。

享,以熟物致祭。

薦,無牲(大型家畜)而祭。

餽,以飲食致祭鬼神。

祼,酌酒灌地而祭祖先。

酹,以酒灑地而祭,不限於祖先。

[ 食+巂 ] ,以酒酹地而祭,側重其少。

餟,以酒酹地而祭,又為將諸神祭座連綴而祭。

Modern Chinese Criteria

埋葬

葬埋

入土

掩埋

埋藏

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 11.81

DOEDERLEIN 1840 Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien

BURY

funus refers to the mere carrying out of the dead body of the deceased.

exsequiae refers to the formal procession of relatives and friends as part of the funeral proceedings.

pompa refers to the formal procession of relatives and friends as part of the funeral proceedings, but with special reference to the carrying along of symbols and pictures of the deceased.

BURY

sepelire refers to burial as the more or less formal enterment of the remains of a dead person as a proper and technical expression.

condere reers to burial as a general and softer expression.

humare refers to bural as despositing a dead body in the earth, as the last part of a burial.

tumulare "to make a proper mound in the place where the dead body lies".

DUFOUR 1910 Traite elementaire des synonymes grecques 168

FINSTERBUSCH 2000 Verzeichnis und Motivindex der Han-Darstellungen 814

Totengebet etc

FRANKE 1974 China Handbuch 130

MENGE Lateinische Synonymik 103

REY 2005 Dictionnaire culturel en langue francaise 4.727

SANBAITI 1987 中國文化史三百題 388+404

UNGER SACH "Sachwoerterbuch zum Alten China"

BESTATTUNG

GRABGELEITE (burying other persons with the deceased 殉

WANG LI 2000 王力古漢語字典 858

窆,塴,封,堋

TENG SHOU-HSIN 1996 Chinese Synonyms Usage Dictionary 310

JONES 2005 Encyclopedia of Religion

FUNERAL RITES

PAULY 1894-1973 Realencyklopädie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft 3.331

BESTATTUNG

BAECHTHOLD-STAEUBLI 1987 Handwörterbuch des deutschen Aberglaubens 1.978

ROBERTS 1998 Encyclopedia of Comparative Iconography 347

FRANKE 1989 Bibliographisches Handbuch zur Sprachinhaltsforschung. Teil II. Systematischer Teil. B. Ordnung nach Sinnbezirken (mit einem alphabetischen Begriffsschluessel): Der Mensch und seine Welt im Spiegel der Sprachforschung 73A

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 86
  • nab : 21
  • vt(oN) : 10
  • VPtoN : 7
  • vt[oN] : 7
  • NPab : 3
  • VPt(oN) : 2
  • n : 2
  • NP : 1
  • vt(oN1.)post-VtoN2 : 1
  • VPtpost-.vt+N{OBJ} : 1
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2 : 1
  • vt+prep+N : 1

Attributions by text

  • 春秋左傳 : 58
  • 論衡 : 21
  • 禮記 : 17
  • 韓非子 : 7
  • 史記 : 4
  • 論語 : 4
  • 呂氏春秋 : 4
  • 莊子 : 4
  • 春秋穀梁傳 : 4
  • 孝經 : 3
  • 臨濟錄 : 3
  • 孟子 : 2
  • 新論-漢-桓譚 : 2
  • 祖堂集 : 2
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 1
  • 賢愚經 : 1
  • 百喻經 : 1
  • 戰國策 : 1
  • 晏子春秋 : 1
  • 韓詩外傳 : 1
  • 文子 : 1
  • 新序 : 1

Words

   zàng OC: tsaaŋs MC: tsɑŋ 47 Attributions

The general word for human burial and funeral arrangements is zàng 葬. For the ritual aspects of funeral practice the standard word is sāng 喪. See MOURNING

  • nabactpractice of burying; burial; funeral; the funeral proceedings; the cortège
  • vt(oN)bury the contextually determiante person
  • vt[oN]conduct burials; conduct a burial
  • vt+prep+Npassivebe buried at/in
  • vtoNbury, inter
  • vtoNpassiveget buried NB: 而葬此
  • vtt(oN1.)+N2bury the contextually determinate person N1 at the place N2
埋 / 霾   mái OC: mɢrɯɯ MC: mɣɛi mái OC: mɢrɯɯ MC: mɣɛi 37 Attributions

Mái 埋 is the very general word for concrete interment, the placing of any object in the ground by digging a whole for it. Mái 埋 is the very general word for concrete interment, the placing of any object in the ground by digging a whole for it.

  • vtoNbury by simply digging (someone) into the ground; dig (objects) into the ground
  • vtoNN=nonhudig (something) ritually into the ground (without the use of a coffin)
  • vtoNobject=inanimatebury (something other than remains of animate beings)
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2figurativecause N1 to sink into N2 (as into a hole in the ground)
  • vt(oN)bury
  • nabactfuneral
   bìn OC: pins MC: pin 12 Attributions

Bìn 殯 is the placing of a dead person in a coffin.

  • nabactthe placing of the corpse into the coffin
  • vt(oN)put the contextually determinate person into a coffin for burial
  • vtoNput into a coffin for burial
  • vtoNpassivebe encoffined; be put into a coffin
   sāng OC: smaaŋ MC: sɑŋ 11 Attributions

Sāng 喪 is a common-use ritual term for funeral arrangements.

  • nabactburial; funeral
  • vtoNconduct proper funeral rites for (the dead)
   kēng OC: khraaŋ MC: khɣaŋ 8 Attributions

Kēng 坑 is the buring of one or more persons alive, as punishment, or as an emergency burial of large numbers of persons. See EXECUTE

  • nabactmass burial in a ditch
  • vtoNbury alive in a pit 坑儒生
  • vtoNmiddle voicebe buried in a ditch
   xùn OC: sɢʷlins MC: zʷin 4 Attributions
  • nobjectperson buried to honour a distinguished deceased individual
  • nabactthe burying of others to honour a distinguished deceased person
  • vtoNfigurativelead to death in a higher cause; destroy for a higher cause
    OC:  MC:  4 Attributions

Fù 祔 refers to the current practice of burying a person in the same grave as someone else, and to the ritual of placing the name tablet of the deceased next to that of someone with whom he was to be ritual associated.

  • vt[oN]bury husband and wife together
  • vtoNbury (someone) in a shared grave
葬埋   zàng mái OC: tsaaŋs mɢrɯɯ MC: tsɑŋ mɣɛi 4 Attributions
  • NPabactburial in general; the practice of burying people
  • VPtoNN=humanbury
  • VPtoNN=nonhubury
改葬   gǎi zàng OC: klɯɯʔ tsaaŋs MC: kəi tsɑŋ 3 Attributions

Gǎi zàng 改葬 refers to ritual reburial.

  • VPtoNrebury
  • VPt(oN)rebury the contextually determinate person
   shōu OC: qjiw MC: ɕɨu 2 Attributions

Shōu 收 is to prepare a dead person for formal burial.

  • vtoNpassivebe collected for burial
  • vtoNcollect for burial
瘞埋   yì mái OC: qrebs mɢrɯɯ MC: ʔiɛi mɣɛi 2 Attributions
  • VPt(oN)ombury the contextually determinate person
  • VPtoNpassiveget buried
   bèng OC: pɯɯŋs MC: pəŋ 1 Attribution
  • vt[oN]put the body in the ground
   liǎn OC: ɡ-romʔ MC: liɛm 1 Attribution
  • vt(oN1.)post-VtoN2bury the contextually determinate N1 V-ing the N2
   sì OC: plils MC: si 1 Attribution

Sì 肂is a rare technical term for "preliminary burial".

  • vtoNbury preliminarily
  • vtoNpassivebe put in a preliminary shallow grave
殯葬   bìn zàng OC: pins tsaaŋs MC: pin tsɑŋ 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNbury in a proper ritual style
火葬   huǒ zàng OC: qphaalʔ tsaaŋs MC: hʷɑ tsɑŋ 1 Attribution
  • vt[oN]to bury with fire > cremate
為殉   wéi xùn OC: ɢʷal sɢʷlins MC: ɦiɛ zʷin 1 Attribution
  • VPtpost-.vt+N{OBJ}bury N together with a deceased noble person
窀穸   zhūn xī OC: tun MC: ʈʷin ziɛk 1 Attribution
  • NPabactburial
安措   ān cuò cù MC: 'an tshuH OC: qaan skhaaɡs 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNbury
宅兆   zhái zhào MC: draek drjewX OC: brlaaɡ ɡrlewʔ 1 Attribution
  • NPburial place
   cuò OC: skhaaɡ MC: tshɑk 0 Attributions
  • vtoNput to rest> bury (compare 措"put")
   jìn OC: ɡrɯns MC: gin 0 Attributions
  • vtoNbury
   yì OC: qrebs MC: ʔiɛi 0 Attributions

Yì 瘞 refers to preliminary or informal burial.

  • vtoNHOUHANSHU: provide an informal burial for 瘞而不葬 "bury informally without proper ritual burial"
  • vtoNpassivebe buried in a preliminary or informal way
   biǎn OC: proms MC: piɛm 0 Attributions

Biǎn 窆 is a rare technical term for lowering a dead body into the grave

  • vtoNlower (coffin) into the grave ZHOULI
   zàng OC: sɡaaŋs MC: dzɑŋ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNbury
   mái OC: mɢrɯɯ MC: mɣɛi 0 Attributions
  • vtoNbury
喪葬   sàng zàng OC: smaaŋs tsaaŋs MC: sɑŋ tsɑŋ 0 Attributions
  • NPabactfuneral arrangements of all kinds
送終   sòng zhōng OC: sooŋs tjuŋ MC: suŋ tɕuŋ 0 Attributions
  • nabactfuneral
   bái OC: braaɡ MC: bɣɛk 0 Attributions
  • vadNrelated to funeral activities (at which white garments were worn)
埋卻   mái què OC: mɢrɯɯ khaɡ MC: mɣɛi khi̯ɐk 0 Attributions
  • VPtoN
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • NPburial place

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: