DIVINATION  占卜

GUESSING the TRUE ANSWER to IMPORTANT QUESTIONS by ASKING DEITIES.
Taxonoymy

PROPHET

Kind Of

GUESS

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The current general word for any form of divination is zhān 占.

2. Bǔ 卜 refers to the whole process of divination by oracle bone from turtle or bovine, including the heating of the bones, causing the cracks to appear, and sometimes even the incision of inscriptions on the cracked bone.

3. Shì 筮 refers to divination by milfoil.

4. Zhuān 篿 refers to the practice of divination by bamboo slips.

5. Guī 龜 refers to divination by turtle shell.

6. Cè 策 is the general term for divinations stalks of any kind.

7. Shī 蓍 refers specifically to milfoil stalks as used in divination.

黄金貴:古漢語同義詞辨釋詞典

HUANG JINGUI 2006

SACRIFICE 25.

卜,灼龜甲裂形,引申指灼龜甲而占卜,後泛指各種占卜。

占,原指觀察甲骨坼裂的兆象以定吉凶,又用為泛指,側重於卜問、詢問。

筮,以蓍占卦。引申作泛指,不限於用蓍。

候,望氣而占,有時也包括風角、星算。

Modern Chinese Criteria

占卜

占夢

圓夢 refers quite generally to the interpretation of dreams and is marginal in this group.

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

DOEDERLEIN 1840 Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien

DIVINATION

divinare refers to the inspired foreseeing and foretelling, by divine inspiration, of future events.

praesagire refers to the professional foreseeing and foretelling of future events through natural skills that border on the supernatural.

praesentire refers to the foreseeing of future events as made possible by a special sensitivity.

praevidere refers to the foreseeing of future events as made possible by an intellectual capability for analysis together with sound instincts.

vaticinatio is the inspired prediction of a future event by a person possessed of supernatural powers.

praedictio is the professional or serendipitous prediction of what will occur on the basis of intellectual insight and/or sound instincts.

DIVINATION Dum 885

divinare refers to divining, conjecturing or foreseeing

hariolari refers to the foretelling, typically by someone not really qualified to foretell the future professionally.

vaticinari refers to foretelling as an inspired person able to foretell with authority.

DUFOUR 1910 Traite elementaire des synonymes grecques 58

HANFEI TONGYI 2004 韓非子同義詞研究 283

LANGIUS 1631 Anthologia sive Florilegium rerum et materiarum selectarum

DIVINATIO

ORACULUM

MENGE Lateinische Synonymik 226

REY 2005 Dictionnaire culturel en langue francaise 125

RITTER 1971-2007 Historisches Woerterbuch der Philosophie 2.272

SANBAITI 1987 中國文化史三百題 471

SCHMIDT 1889 Handbuch der lateinischen und griechischen Synonymik 21

UNGER SACH "Sachwoerterbuch zum Alten China"

ORAKEL

SCHAFGARBENORAKEL

JONES 2005 Encyclopedia of Religion

DIVINATION, GEOMACY

BARNARD AND SPENCER 2002 Encyclopedia of Social and Cultural Anthropology

GIRARD 1769 SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse 1.65.47

DEVIN.PROPHETE(!)

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 29
  • nab : 11
  • n=Npr : 9
  • vtoS : 7
  • vt+V[0] : 7
  • vi : 5
  • NP : 4
  • n : 2
  • NPab : 2
  • vttoN1. N2 : 1
  • VPi : 1
  • vt+prep+N : 1
  • vt(oN) : 1
  • v[adN] : 1
  • VPtoN : 1
  • vttoN1.+N2 : 1

Attributions by text

  • 春秋左傳 : 60
  • 韓非子 : 6
  • 賢愚經 : 4
  • 說苑 : 3
  • 史記 : 2
  • 禮記 : 2
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 1
  • 論語 : 1
  • 論衡 : 1
  • 孝經 : 1
  • 毛詩 : 1
  • 楚辭 : 1

Words

   bǔ OC: pooɡ MC: puk 47 Attributions

Bǔ 卜 refers to the whole process of divination by oracle bone from turtle or bovine, including the heating of the bones, causing the cracks to appear, and sometimes even the incision of inscriptions on the cracked bone.

  • n=Nprdiviner
  • nobjectthe results of divination
  • v[adN]diviner
  • viactdivine by oracle bone, conduct divination by oracle bone cracking; crack the oracle bone [often used with unspecified, general subjects]Bu may also refer to divination in general in E Zhou? [DK]
  • vicausativecause divination to be made; also iussive: order divination to be made
  • vt+prep+Nconduct divination by appealing to
  • vt+V[0]make divination on whether to
  • vtoNdivine by the use of cracks in a turtle shell;
  • vtoNfigurativefix by divination > choose, select by with supreme care
  • vtoNreflexive.自cast (one's own) fortune
  • vtoScracks are made on the topic: (S (often with the subject of the divining as continued implicit subject)
  • vttoN1.+N2predict (something N1) for (somebody N2)
  • nabactdivination
  • vt(oN)conduct divination on the contextually determinate matter N
  • vttoN1. N2divine the auspiciousness of N1 in the place N2
   shì OC: djads MC: dʑiɛi 13 Attributions

Shì 筮 refers to divination by milfoil.

  • nabactdivination by milfoil stalks
  • viactdivine by milfoil stalks
  • vtoSdivine by milfoil stalks whether S, divine on the proposition S by using milfoil stalks
  • vtoNconduct milfoil divination on
   zhān OC: kljem MC: tɕiɛm 8 Attributions

The current general word for any form of divination is zhān 占.

  • nabactprognostication or interpretation of divinatory results
  • viactcarry out divination using oracle bone or milfoil stalk; interpret signs in the process of divination
  • vtoNinterpret (signs for prognostication, auspiciousness etc)
   zhòu OC: ɡrlɯws MC: ɖɨu 3 Attributions
  • nabtextoracle pronouncement
龜 / 龜 / 龜 / 龜   jiū OC: kʷɯ MC: kɨu guī OC: kʷrɯ MC: ki jiū OC: kʷɯ MC: kɨu guī OC: kʷrɯ MC: ki 2 Attributions

Guī 龜 refers to divination by turtle shell. Guī 龜 refers to divination by turtle shell. Guī 龜 refers to divination by turtle shell. Guī 龜 refers to divination by turtle shell.

  • nabactdivination with tortoise-shell
卜筮   bǔ shì OC: pooɡ djads MC: puk dʑiɛi 2 Attributions
  • NPabactthe practice of various kinds of divination by bone or stalk
  • NPabconceptdivination
相師   xiàng shī OC: sqaŋs sril MC: si̯ɐŋ ʂi 2 Attributions
  • NPmaster of divination
   cè OC: skhreeɡ MC: ʈʂhɣɛk 1 Attribution
  • ndivination stalks
篿   zhuān OC: tjon MC: tɕiɛn 1 Attribution

Zhuān 篿 refers to the practice of divination by bamboo slips.

  • viactdivine by bamboo slips
令龜   lìng guī OC: ɡ-reŋ kʷrɯ MC: liɛŋ ki 1 Attribution
  • VPiactconduct divination by means of the tortoise shell
卜人   bǔ rén OC: pooɡ njin MC: puk ȵin 1 Attribution
  • NPdiviner, person in charge of the turtle shell divination
卜者   bǔ zhě OC: pooɡ kljaʔ MC: puk tɕɣɛ 1 Attribution
  • NPsubject=humandiviner
占相   zhān xiàng OC: kljem sqaŋs MC: tɕiɛm si̯ɐŋ 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNadjudicate; conduct divination on the subject of
��    OC:  MC:  0 Attributions
  • vt.+VtoSOBI: interpret the cracks on the oracle bone so that the prognostication is made explicit
   cè OC: skhreeɡ MC: ʈʂhɣɛk 0 Attributions

Cè 策 is the general term for divinations stalks of any kind.

       shī OC: qhlji MC: ɕi 0 Attributions

    Shī 蓍 refers specifically to milfoil stalks as used in divination.

    • nmilfoil plant; milfoil stalk
    • viactdivine by milfoil stalk
       zhēn OC: teŋ MC: ʈiɛŋ 0 Attributions
    • viactOBI: to be in charge of the formal procedures of divination including in particular the interpretation of cracks on bones
    • vtoSquotationOBI: conduct divination on the topic/proposition ("...")
    二告   èr gào OC: njis kuuɡs MC: ȵi kɑu 0 Attributions
    • NPThe crack notation in terms of e.g. èr gào 二告which one may tentatively render as "two responses" (versus xiǎo gào 小告 "hardly audible response"), was perhaps a way of recording the sounds made as the bone was cracked.
    茲御   zī yù OC: sɯ ŋas MC: tsɨ ŋi̯ɤ 0 Attributions
    • VPiKeightley Sources 1978: 119 note 124: OBI: a notation indicating that the divination was used but whose precise meaning is not fully understood. The phrase is currently used in divination about hunting and campaigning. See Hu Houxuan "On the distinction between 茲用and 茲御" 1939. 茲用was never used when the King was recorded as diviner.

    Existing SW for

    Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: