GUESSING the TRUE ANSWER to IMPORTANT QUESTIONS by ASKING DEITIES.
Old Chinese Criteria
1. The current general word for any form of divination is zhān 占.
2. Bǔ 卜 refers to the whole process of divination by oracle bone from turtle or bovine, including the heating of the bones, causing the cracks to appear, and sometimes even the incision of inscriptions on the cracked bone.
3. Shì 筮 refers to divination by milfoil.
4. Zhuān 篿 refers to the practice of divination by bamboo slips.
5. Guī 龜 refers to divination by turtle shell.
6. Cè 策 is the general term for divinations stalks of any kind.
7. Shī 蓍 refers specifically to milfoil stalks as used in divination.
HUANG JINGUI 2006
Modern Chinese Criteria
圓夢 refers quite generally to the interpretation of dreams and is marginal in this group.
rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH ／
divinare refers to the inspired foreseeing and foretelling, by divine inspiration, of future events.
praesagire refers to the professional foreseeing and foretelling of future events through natural skills that border on the supernatural.
praesentire refers to the foreseeing of future events as made possible by a special sensitivity.
praevidere refers to the foreseeing of future events as made possible by an intellectual capability for analysis together with sound instincts.
vaticinatio is the inspired prediction of a future event by a person possessed of supernatural powers.
praedictio is the professional or serendipitous prediction of what will occur on the basis of intellectual insight and/or sound instincts.
DIVINATION Dum 885
divinare refers to divining, conjecturing or foreseeing
hariolari refers to the foretelling, typically by someone not really qualified to foretell the future professionally.
vaticinari refers to foretelling as an inspired person able to foretell with authority.
Attributions by syntactic funtion
vttoN1. N2: 1
Attributions by text
- 春秋左傳 : 60
- 韓非子 : 6
- 賢愚經 : 4
- 說苑 : 3
- 禮記 : 2
- 阮籍集四卷 : 1
- 論語 : 1
- 論衡 : 1
- 孝經 : 1
- 毛詩 : 1
- 史記 : 1
- 楚辭 : 1
卜 bǔ OC: pooɡ MC: puk 47 Attributions
Bǔ 卜 refers to the whole process of divination by oracle bone from turtle or bovine, including the heating of the bones, causing the cracks to appear, and sometimes even the incision of inscriptions on the cracked bone.
- nobjectthe results of divination
- viactdivine by oracle bone, conduct divination by oracle bone cracking; crack the oracle bone [often used with unspecified, general subjects]Bu may also refer to divination in general in E Zhou? [DK]
- vicausativecause divination to be made; also iussive: order divination to be made
- vt+prep+Nconduct divination by appealing to
- vt+Vmake divination on whether to
- vtoNdivine by the use of cracks in a turtle shell;
- vtoNfigurativefix by divination > choose, select by with supreme care
- vtoNreflexive.自cast (one's own) fortune
- vtoScracks are made on the topic: (S (often with the subject of the divining as continued implicit subject)
- vttoN1.+N2predict (something N1) for (somebody N2)
- vt(oN)conduct divination on the contextually determinate matter N
- vttoN1. N2divine the auspiciousness of N1 in the place N2
筮 shì OC: djads MC: dʑiɛi 13 Attributions
Shì 筮 refers to divination by milfoil.
- nabactdivination by milfoil stalks
- viactdivine by milfoil stalks
- vtoSdivine by milfoil stalks whether S, divine on the proposition S by using milfoil stalks
- vtoNconduct milfoil divination on
占 zhān OC: kljem MC: tɕiɛm 8 Attributions
The current general word for any form of divination is zhān 占.
- nabactprognostication or interpretation of divinatory results
- viactcarry out divination using oracle bone or milfoil stalk; interpret signs in the process of divination
- vtoNinterpret (signs for prognostication, auspiciousness etc)
繇 zhòu OC: ɡrlɯws MC: ɖɨu 3 Attributions
- nabtextoracle pronouncement
龜 / 龜 / 龜 / 龜 jiū OC: kʷɯ MC: kɨu guī OC: kʷrɯ MC: ki jiū OC: kʷɯ MC: kɨu guī OC: kʷrɯ MC: ki 2 Attributions
Guī 龜 refers to divination by turtle shell. Guī 龜 refers to divination by turtle shell. Guī 龜 refers to divination by turtle shell. Guī 龜 refers to divination by turtle shell.
- nabactdivination with tortoise-shell
卜筮 bǔ shì OC: pooɡ djads MC: puk dʑiɛi 2 Attributions
- NPabactthe practice of various kinds of divination by bone or stalk
相師 xiàng shī OC: sqaŋs sril MC: si̯ɐŋ ʂi 2 Attributions
- NPmaster of divination
篿 zhuān OC: tjon MC: tɕiɛn 1 Attribution
Zhuān 篿 refers to the practice of divination by bamboo slips.
- viactdivine by bamboo slips
令龜 lìng guī OC: ɡ-reŋ kʷrɯ MC: liɛŋ ki 1 Attribution
- VPiactconduct divination by means of the tortoise shell
卜人 bǔ rén OC: pooɡ njin MC: puk ȵin 1 Attribution
- NPdiviner, person in charge of the turtle shell divination
卜者 bǔ zhě OC: pooɡ kljaʔ MC: puk tɕɣɛ 1 Attribution
占相 zhān xiàng OC: kljem sqaŋs MC: tɕiɛm si̯ɐŋ 1 Attribution
- VPtoNadjudicate; conduct divination on the subject of
�� OC: MC: 0 Attributions
- vt.+VtoSOBI: interpret the cracks on the oracle bone so that the prognostication is made explicit
策 cè OC: skhreeɡ MC: ʈʂhɣɛk 0 Attributions
Cè 策 is the general term for divinations stalks of any kind.
筴 cè OC: skhreeɡ MC: ʈʂhɣɛk 0 Attributions
- ndivination stalks
蓍 shī OC: qhlji MC: ɕi 0 Attributions
Shī 蓍 refers specifically to milfoil stalks as used in divination.
- nmilfoil plant; milfoil stalk
- viactdivine by milfoil stalk
貞 zhēn OC: teŋ MC: ʈiɛŋ 0 Attributions
- viactOBI: to be in charge of the formal procedures of divination including in particular the interpretation of cracks on bones
- vtoSquotationOBI: conduct divination on the topic/proposition ("...")
二告 èr gào OC: njis kuuɡs MC: ȵi kɑu 0 Attributions
- NPThe crack notation in terms of e.g. èr gào 二告which one may tentatively render as "two responses" (versus xiǎo gào 小告 "hardly audible response"), was perhaps a way of recording the sounds made as the bone was cracked.
茲御 zī yù OC: sɯ ŋas MC: tsɨ ŋi̯ɤ 0 Attributions
- VPiKeightley Sources 1978: 119 note 124: OBI: a notation indicating that the divination was used but whose precise meaning is not fully understood. The phrase is currently used in divination about hunting and campaigning. See Hu Houxuan "On the distinction between 茲用and 茲御" 1939. 茲用was never used when the King was recorded as diviner.
Existing SW for
Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: