DRUG  

SUBSTANCE USED FOR CURING OR PREVENTING DISEASES.
MEDICINE
Taxonoymy

PILL

See also

ILLNESSPHYSICIANMEDICINE

Kind Of

SUBSTANCE

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The general word for medicine is yào 藥, but originally this word referred specifically to herbal medicine.

2. Yuē 葯 is a specific word for the leaves of the bái zhǐ 白芷 aromatic herb.

3. Fāng 方 refers to a medical prescription.

Modern Chinese Criteria

藥草

藥材

中草藥

藥品

藥物

藥味

藥石

中藥

國藥

丸藥

藥丸

丸劑

藥末

藥粉

藥面

散劑

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 4.88

DOEDERLEIN 1840 Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien

MEDICINE

medicamentum refers to a remedy with reference to its material substance, is it is prepared by the apothecary.

medicina refers to a remedy with referenc3e to its healing virtues, as ordered by a physician.

remedium refers to any remedy for evils other than illnesses as well as for illnesses.

FINSTERBUSCH 1966 Verzeichnis und Motivindex der Han-Darstellungen 246

Unsterblichkeitskraut:

FINSTERBUSCH 2000 Verzeichnis und Motivindex der Han-Darstellungen 821

Unsterblichkeitskraut:

LANGIUS 1631 Anthologia sive Florilegium rerum et materiarum selectarum

MEDICINA

UNGER SACH "Sachwoerterbuch zum Alten China"

ARZEIMITTEL

MEDIZIN

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • nm : 17
  • nmadN : 3
  • ncc : 3
  • NPab : 2
  • NPm : 2
  • nab : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 7
  • 論衡 : 6
  • 說苑 : 3
  • 百喻經 : 3
  • 祖堂集 : 2
  • 論語 : 1
  • 莊子 : 1
  • 賢愚經 : 1
  • 孟子 : 1
  • 妙法蓮華經 : 1
  • 新論-漢-桓譚 : 1
  • 楚辭 : 1

Words

   yào OC: k-lawɡ MC: ji̯ɐk 16 Attributions

The general word for medicine is yào 藥, but originally this word referred specifically to herbal medicine.

  • nmmedicine, medication; (dig for) medicinal roots, herbs or mushrooms
  • nmadNfigurativemedicinal; curative
   yuè OC: qplewɡ MC: ʔi̯ɐk 4 Attributions

Yuē 葯 is a specific word for the leaves of the bái zhǐ 白芷 aromatic herb.

  • nmangelica anomala, aromatic herb also used in medicine
   wán OC: ɢoon MC: ɦʷɑn 3 Attributions
  • nccpill
法藥   fǎ yào OC: pab k-lawɡ MC: pi̯ɐp ji̯ɐk 2 Attributions
  • NPabbuddhistBUDDH: dharma-medicine (in Buddhist scriptures the Buddha-dharma is occasionally metaphorically described as 'medicine' since it saves people from suffering; see for example Guàndǐng jīng 灌頂經, T.21: 532c21-23; the section in this scripture deals with the Buddha Yàoshī Liúlíguāng Rúlái 藥師琉璃光如來 who, at the time when he was practicing as Bodhisattva, made twelve vows. The term fǎ-yào appears in the seventh vow: 第七願者。[...]若有苦惱無救護者。我為此等攝大法藥。令諸疾病皆得除愈。無復苦患至得佛道.('The seventh vow: '[...] if there are any [beings] who are afflicted by suffering, not saved and protected, I will apply the great dharma-medicine for them and cause all sicknesses to be healed, so that they will not be suffering again until they attain the Way of the Buddha.')
   fāng OC: paŋ MC: pi̯ɐŋ 1 Attribution

Fāng 方 refers to a medical prescription.

  • nabtextprescription, medical recipe
毒藥   dú yào OC: duuɡ k-lawɡ MC: duok ji̯ɐk 1 Attribution
  • NPmbitter medicine
湯藥   tāng yào OC: kh-laaŋ k-lawɡ MC: thɑŋ ji̯ɐk 1 Attribution
  • NPmmedical potions
   jì OC: dziils MC: dzei 0 Attributions
  • npost-Han?: dose of medicine

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: