CANAL  人工溝

ARTEFACT:artificial RIVER.
INLAND WATERWAYWATERCOURSECHANNEL
Taxonoymy

MOAT

Kind Of

RIVER

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The most general current word for a man-made ditch or canal of any kind is gōu 溝. The word is often used to refer specifically to a large canal.

2. Dú 瀆 typically refers to a man-made canal that is generally smaller than gōu 溝, but see also RIVER.

Drainage canals betweens fields have different names according to the size of cultivated area they surroud. In descending order of size these are:

3. Qú 渠 refers to the largest drainage canal.

4. Xù 洫 is a drainage ditch between large fields.

5. Suì 遂 is the next largest drainage ditch.

6. Kuài 澮 is the next largest.

7. Quǎn 畎/甽 is a very small dranage canal between lǒng 壟 "square patches of land in fields".

8. Gōu huò 溝壑 is a general term for any ditches or waterways smaller than the rivers.

黄金貴:古漢語同義詞辨釋詞典

HUANG JINGUI 2006

GEOGRAPHY 16. 農田水溝,起源早,主要用於排水。

古代井田制,十里見方的田稱作 “ 成 ” ,成與成之間的水渠稱 “ 洫 ” 。

“ 洫 ” 後又泛指田間的水溝。

溝,井田之間的大溝渠,比洫小,溝里的水排入洫中。

澮,比溝小,其水排入溝中。

畎,壟畝間的最小水溝

。遂,田間受水、排水的小溝。

渠,戰國時出現用於灌溉的溝渠,農田溉渠的通稱。

Modern Chinese Criteria

溝渠

溝洫

溝子

渠道

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

HANFEI TONGYI 2004 韓非子同義詞研究 36

HUANG JINGUI 1995 古代文化詞異集類辨考 Gudai wenhua ci yi ji lei bian kao 374

LUNHENG TONGYI 2004 論衡同義詞研究 16

SANBAITI 1987 中國文化史三百題 166-69

SANBAITI 1987 中國文化史三百題 234

WANG FENGYANG 1993 古辭辨 Gu ci bian 50

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • n : 29
  • NP : 25
  • NP{N1&N2} : 4
  • NPpostVt : 4

Attributions by text

  • 管子 : 11
  • 論語 : 6
  • 孟子 : 6
  • 說苑 : 5
  • 史記 : 5
  • 春秋左傳 : 4
  • 鹽鐵論 : 4
  • 荀子 : 3
  • 禮記 : 3
  • 韓非子 : 3
  • 韓詩外傳 : 3
  • 呂氏春秋 : 2
  • 論衡 : 2
  • 列子 : 1
  • 莊子 : 1
  • 百喻經 : 1
  • 法言 : 1
  • 妙法蓮華經 : 1

Words

溝壑   gōu hè OC: koo qhaaɡ MC: ku hɑk 21 Attributions
  • NPnonreferentialthe ditches, gullies and waterways (into which dead bodies are thrown)
  • NPpostVtpluralthe waterways, the canals and ditches
   gōu OC: koo MC: ku 10 Attributions

The most general current word for a man-made ditch or canal of any kind is gōu 溝. The word is often used to refer specifically to a large canal.

  • ncanal; also: ditch; artificial drainage canal to demarcate a large field
   dú OC: ɡ-looɡ MC: duk 7 Attributions

Dú 瀆 typically refers to a man-made canal that is generally smaller than gōu 溝, but see also RIVER.

  • nJia Yi, dao Quyuan: small canal, drain (which cannot hold a large fish)
  • ncanal
溝渠   gōu qú OC: koo ɡa MC: ku gi̯ɤ 5 Attributions
  • NPnonreferentialplural: canals
   qú OC: ɡa MC: gi̯ɤ 4 Attributions

Qú 渠 refers to the largest drainage canal.

  • ncanal; drainage canal; drain
溝瀆   gōu dú OC: koo ɡ-looɡ MC: ku duk 4 Attributions
  • NP{N1&N2}nonreferentialditches and canals, small waterways
溝洫   gōu xù OC: koo qhʷrɯɡ MC: ku hɨk 3 Attributions
  • NPpluralcanals; irrigation waterworks
   jìn 3 Attributions
  • nirrigation canal
   xù OC: qhʷrɯɡ MC: hɨk 2 Attributions

Xù 洫 is a drainage ditch between large fields.

  • ngeneral term for drainage ditch between large fields, which also served as a boundary 封洫
   lào OC: ɡ-reews MC: lɑu 1 Attribution
  • nditch
   kuài OC: kloobs MC: kɑi 1 Attribution

Quǎn 畎/甽 is a very small dranage canal between lǒng 壟 "square patches of land in fields".

  • ndrainage canal between larger areas of land within one field, i.e. several lǒng 壟
畎 / 甽   quǎn OC: kʷeenʔ MC: ken juǎn OC: kuunʔ MC: ken 1 Attribution
  • nsmall watering canals in fields
   suì OC: sɢluds MC: zi 0 Attributions

Kuài 澮 is the next largest.

  • nstandard drainage canal between fields, larger than kuài 澮

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: