ALTAR  

TABLE OR PLATFORM on which to SACRIFICE to DEITIES OR BEFORE which to PRAY to DEITIES.

Kind Of

TABLE

Old Chinese Criteria

[+FIGURATIVE/LITERAL]

[GENERAL/SPECIFIC]

1. Tán 壇 is the general word for an altar of any kind.

[GENERAL], [LITERAL]

2. Shè 社 "altar of the land" is one of the major religious institutions of ancient China.

[LITERAL], [SPECIFIC]

3. Jì 稷 "altar dedicated to the gods of grain" is mostly used in conjunction with shè 社 and does not, by itself, represent such an important institution in Chinese cultural history.

[LITERAL], [SPECIFIC]

4. Shè jì 社稷 "altars of the land and grain" is also the standard Chinese term for what we might call "the Nation" in modern English, because the essence of a state was seen to be contained in the local sacrifices undertaken at these altars of the land and grain. There is characteristic semantic oscillation between the meaning ALTAR and the meaning NATION. See NATION.

[+FIGURATIVE], [SPECIFIC]

5. Jiāo 郊 refers to the suburban altar in the vicinity of a city.

[LITERAL], [SPECIFIC]

Modern Chinese Criteria

祭壇

供壇

聖餐台

台階

first rough draft to identify synonym group members for future analysis, based on CL. 18.11.2003. CH.

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 22.14

LUNHENG TONGYI 2004 論衡同義詞研究 9

MENGE Lateinische Synonymik 222

BAECHTHOLD-STAEUBLI 1987 Handwörterbuch des deutschen Aberglaubens 1.325

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • NP[post-N] : 50
  • n : 24
  • NPpost-N : 6
  • vi : 3
  • NP : 2

Attributions by text

  • 春秋左傳 : 40
  • 管子 : 13
  • 韓非子 : 13
  • 禮記 : 6
  • 論語 : 3
  • 楚辭 : 3
  • 春秋穀梁傳 : 2
  • : 1
  • 說苑 : 1
  • 呂氏春秋 : 1
  • 祖堂集 : 1
  • 尚書 : 1

Words

社稷   shè jì OC: ɡljaʔ tsɯɡ MC: dʑɣɛ tsɨk 56 Attributions

Shè jì 社稷 "altars of the land and grain" is also the standard Chinese term for what we might call "the Nation" in modern English, because the essence of a state was seen to be contained in the local sacrifices undertaken at these altars of the land and grain. There is characteristic semantic oscillation between the meaning ALTAR and the meaning NATION. See NATION. [+FIGURATIVE], [SPECIFIC]

  • NP[post-N]pluralour altars of the land and grain; the altars of the land and grain of the subject of the sentence
  • NPpost-Naltars of the land and grain
   shè OC: ɡljaʔ MC: dʑɣɛ 13 Attributions

Shè 社 "altar of the land" is one of the major religious institutions of ancient China. [LITERAL], [SPECIFIC]

  • nsacrificial mound and pole used for sacrifices to the spirits of the land
   tán OC: daan MC: dɑn 10 Attributions

Tán 壇 is the general word for an altar of any kind. [GENERAL], [LITERAL]

  • naltar, sacrificial mound; high ground round a building used for ritual or sacrificial purposes
  • nfigurativealtar (of poetry)> the Parnassus
  • viactbuild an altar, establish an altar
壇場   tán cháng OC: daan ɡrlaŋ MC: dɑn ɖi̯ɐŋ 2 Attributions
  • NParea with an altar in the middle
   shàn OC: djanʔ MC: dʑiɛn 1 Attribution
  • nlevelled area used for sacrifices
   fēng OC: poŋ MC: pi̯oŋ 1 Attribution
  • viactraise an altar
   jì OC: tsɯɡ MC: tsɨk 1 Attribution

Jì 稷 "altar dedicated to the gods of grain" is mostly used in conjunction with shè 社 and does not, by itself, represent such an important institution in Chinese cultural history. [LITERAL], [SPECIFIC]

  • naltar for sacrifice to the gods of grain
   jiāo OC: kreew MC: kɣɛu 1 Attribution

Jiāo 郊 refers to the suburban altar in the vicinity of a city. [LITERAL], [SPECIFIC]

  • nsuburban altar
   zhào OC: ɡrlewʔ MC: ɖiɛu 0 Attributions
  • viactmake altars on the borders of tomb or sacrificial area
墟 / 虛   xū OC: khla MC: khi̯ɤ xū OC: khla MC: khi̯ɤ 0 Attributions
  • naltar
舞雩   wǔ yú OC: maʔ ɢʷra MC: mi̯o ɦi̯o 0 Attributions
  • NPab[.adN][altar] where one dances for rain

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: