DEFECATE  排泄

ISSUE NATURALLY what IS-IN one's INNARDS AND BLADDER.
EXCRETE FECESHAVE A BOWEL MOVEMENTHAVE A BMEVACUATE ONE'S BOWELSRELIEVE ONESELFGO TO THE BATHROOMINFORMAL DO/GO NUMBER TWOPOOPTAKE A CRAPTAKE A DUMP
Taxonoymy

URINATE

See also

DIRTYEXCREMENTMANUREFART

Kind Of

ISSUE

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The rather rare general word including all forms of defecation is sōu 溲, but this word has a polite literary ring and is first attested in Han times.

2. Biàn 便 is a colloquial informal way of referring to informal defecation in places other than latrines.

3. Niào 溺/尿 is the standard colloquial term for urine or urination. See URINATE.

4. Yí 遺 the exrements excreted because of incontinence.

5. Sī 私 and the later xuán 旋 refers to males urinating. See URINATE.

6. Shǐ 矢/屎 refers specifically to shit.

7. Fèn 糞 refers originally to dung including rice straw etc, but came to refer to animal excrement used for fertilisation, dung. See MANURE.

黄金貴:古漢語同義詞辨釋詞典

HUANG JINGUI 2006

HUMAN BODY 13. 泄瀉。

泄,大便等暢快泄下,漢以前只作 “ 泄 ” 。

瀉,通稱;明以來取代 “ 泄 ” 專指大便泄下。利(痢),指泄瀉與痢疾,唐代後開始 “ 利 ” 為泄瀉、 “ 痢 ” 為痢疾的區分。

?? ,又稱滯下,氣滯成積、滯而不暢、持久不愈的慢性痢疾。讓,衍化的曩痢、瀉、瀼瀉、釀痢,均為小兒冷熱二氣相並、飲食積滯內停而成的痢疾。洞,食物下咽馬上下瀉的腹瀉。

HUMAN BODY 44.

便,是漢以來表示排泄二便的通稱,有口語色彩。

溲,也是排泄二便,有書面語特色。

遺,不能控制地排泄二便和精液。

溺,口語中解小便的專用詞,和隨地而便的 “ 便 ” 相反,溺是有目標(擇地)解小便。

私、旋,均指男子解小便,只是私比旋普遍。

解,近代方言中表示排泄二便的口語詞。

Modern Chinese Criteria

洗手

方便

解手

大便

大解

拉屎

出恭

遺矢

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 4.66

POIRIER 1991 Histoire des moeurs 1.831

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • nm : 2
  • vtoN : 1
  • vi : 1

Attributions by text

  • 祖堂集 : 2
  • 荀子 : 1
  • 春秋左傳 : 1

Words

   shǐ OC: lʰiʔ MC: ɕi 2 Attributions

Shǐ 矢/屎 refers specifically to shit.

  • nmshit
便   biàn OC: bens MC: biɛn 1 Attribution

Biàn 便 is a colloquial informal way of referring to informal defecation in places other than latrines.

  • viactdefecate in other places than a latrine
  • vtoNdeficate on, shit on
   ē OC: qlaal MC: ʔɑ 1 Attribution
  • viactdefecate, shit
尿   niào OC: neews MC: neu 0 Attributions

Niào 溺/尿 is the standard colloquial term for urine or urination. See URINATE. xxx

       shǐ OC: qhljiʔ MC: ɕi 0 Attributions

    Shǐ 矢/屎 refers specifically to shit.

         xuán OC: sɢlon MC: ziɛn 0 Attributions

      Sī 私 and the later xuán 旋 refers to males urinating. See URINATE.

           sōu OC: sru MC: ʂɨu 0 Attributions

        The rather rare general word including all forms of defecation is sōu 溲, but this word has a polite literary ring and is first attested in Han times.

        • viactshit
        尿   niào OC:  MC: neu 0 Attributions

        Niào 溺/尿 is the standard colloquial term for urine or urination. See URINATE.

             sī OC: sil MC: si 0 Attributions

          Sī 私 and the later xuán 旋 refers to males urinating. See URINATE.

          • viactdefecate
             fèn OC: puns MC: pi̯un 0 Attributions

          Fèn 糞 refers originally to dung including rice straw etc, but came to refer to animal excrement used for fertilisation, dung. See MANURE.

               yí OC: k-lul MC: ji 0 Attributions

            Yí 遺 the exrements excreted because of incontinence.

            • viSHIJI: be incontinent, have to go to the toilet constantly

            Existing SW for

            Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: