BRIDGE  橋梁

ARTEFACT BUILT FOR:in order to CAUSE HUMANS to be ABLE to CROSS something DEEP, TYPICALLY a RIVER OR a VALLEY.
VIADUCTOVERPASSFIXED LINKAQUEDUCT
Kind Of

BUILDING

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The current general word for a bridge is liáng 梁, and this word refers to a bridge which is large enough for a cart or carriage to pass.

2. Qiáo 橋 begins to be used for a very substantial bridge in Han times and refers then to a major bridge on which several carts might even cross from different directions at the same time. The word seems to be of colloquial origin, and referred originally to the "bridge" or crosspiece across a well.

3. Gāng 杠 is a small, usually short bridge, sometimes with stone frame and one wooden planks to walk on.

黄金貴:古漢語同義詞辨釋詞典

HUANG JINGUI 2006

COMMUNICATIONS 5.

杠,僅供人行走的獨木橋。

梁,可以通車的橋,引申為并舟而成的浮橋,戰國以後泛指橋梁。

橋,秦漢以後指高出水面很多的橋,并成為橋梁的通稱。

Modern Chinese Criteria

橋梁

飛梁

玉虹

玉腰

懸索橋

吊橋

開合橋

活動橋

拱橋

羅鍋橋

旱橋

天橋

引橋

便橋

木橋

石橋

鐵橋

竹橋

浮橋

棧橋

鐵索橋

獨木橋

鐵路橋

公路橋

高架橋

跨線橋

漫水橋

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 10.74

FINSTERBUSCH 1966 Verzeichnis und Motivindex der Han-Darstellungen 204

Bruecke:

FINSTERBUSCH 2000 Verzeichnis und Motivindex der Han-Darstellungen 729

Bruecke:

There is even one named bridge among the Han reliefs.

LUNHENG TONGYI 2004 論衡同義詞研究 22

SANBAITI 1987 中國文化史三百題 230

WANG LI 2000 王力古漢語字典 484

橋,梁

1. While it is true that qia2o 橋 is not commonly used before Han times to refer to a bridge independently, its common use in place names does seem to indicate clearly that the word did mean bridge even in early times described in ZUO. HEGUAN does have 橋梁. The famous granary in ZUO at Ju4qia2o 句橋, I imagine, was not named after a large beam over a well, but rather a bridge.

HONG CHENGYU 2009 古漢語常用詞同義詞詞典 157

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • n : 31
  • vtoN : 1

Attributions by text

  • 論衡 : 5
  • 管子 : 5
  • 莊子 : 4
  • 史記 : 4
  • 韓非子 : 3
  • 春秋左傳 : 2
  • 孟子 : 2
  • 淮南子 : 2
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 1
  • 說苑 : 1
  • 禮記 : 1
  • 毛詩 : 1
  • 祖堂集 : 1

Words

   liáng OC: k-raŋ MC: li̯ɐŋ 17 Attributions

The current general word for a bridge is liáng 梁, and this word refers to a bridge which is large enough for a cart or carriage to pass.

  • nliterary: wooden bridge; beam dam
  • vtoNserve as bridge over; to bridge
   qiáo OC: ɡrew MC: giɛu 11 Attributions

Qiáo 橋 begins to be used for a very substantial bridge in Han times and refers then to a major bridge on which several carts might even cross from different directions at the same time. The word seems to be of colloquial origin, and referred originally to the "bridge" or crosspiece across a well.

  • ncolloquial: current from Han times: wooden bridge of considerable width
   gāng OC: krooŋ MC: kɣɔŋ 4 Attributions

Gāng 杠 is a small, usually short bridge, sometimes with stone frame and one wooden plank to walk on.

  • nMENG: wooden footbridge
   yí OC: lɯ MC: jɨ 0 Attributions
  • ndialect: bridge
浮橋   fú qiáo OC: bu ɡrew MC: bɨu giɛu 0 Attributions
  • NPpontoon bridge

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: