ADDICTED  沈溺於

LOVE INTENSELY so as to be NOT ABLE to LACK:be without something.
DEPENDENT ONHOOKED ONSTRUNG OUT ONDEVOTED TOOBSESSED WITHFIXATED ONDEDICATED TOFANATICAL ABOUTPASSIONATE ABOUTENAMORED OFA SLAVE TOHOOKED ONWILD ABOUTMAD ABOUTCRAZY ABOUTNUTS ABOUT

See also

DRUNK

Kind Of

LOVE

Old Chinese Criteria

[ARCHAIC/CURRENT]

[[FREQUENT/RARE]]

[HIGH-DEGREE/LOW-DEGREE]

[POETIC/PROSAIC]

1. The most general word for a strong and permanent liking for alcohol and the like is dān 耽 / 酖 / 湛.

[HIGH-DEGREE], [POETIC]

2. Miǎn 湎 is an elevated poetic word for addiction, typically to wine.

[ARCHAIC], [POETIC]

3. Chén 沈 is occasionally used to refer to a person being excessively prone to vices of any kind including wine and women.

[GENERAL], [HIGH-DEGREE]; [[RARE]]

4. Xù 酗 is a rare archaic word referring to addiction to wine as expressed in action.

[ARCHAIC], [POETIC]; [[RARE]]

5. Yòng 醟 is a very rare word referring to excessive fondness of wine.

[[RARE]]

Modern Chinese Criteria

沉迷

著迷

入迷

痴迷

迷戀

入魔

著魔

沉湎

沉溺

熱中

痴心妄想

神魂顛倒

鬼迷心竅

沉迷不醒

沈迷不醒

樂此不疲

竟日忘歸

悠然忘返

樂而忘返

樂不思蜀

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

LUNHENG TONGYI 2004 論衡同義詞研究 123

WANG LI 2000 王力古漢語字典 1491

酗,酖

1. WL takes xu4 酗 to refer to actual excessive use of wine, da1n 酖 only to an excessive desire for wine. But given the scarcity of examples there is no way of being sure.

One feels that underdocumented distinctions should be listed differently or separately from distinctions that can be seen to be operative in the texts.

POIRIER 1991 Histoire des moeurs 2699-802

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vt+prep+N : 13
  • vtoN : 5
  • vi : 3
  • VPi : 2
  • nab : 1

Attributions by text

  • 尚書 : 7
  • 春秋穀梁傳 : 3
  • 呂氏春秋 : 2
  • 管子 : 2
  • 韓非子 : 2
  • 荀子 : 2
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 1
  • 禮記 : 1
  • 百喻經 : 1
  • 毛詩 : 1
  • 戰國策 : 1
  • 韓詩外傳 : 1

Words

   miǎn OC: menʔ MC: miɛn 8 Attributions

Miǎn 湎 is an elevated poetic word for addiction, typically to wine. >>POETIC

  • nabactdissipation, overindulgence
  • vibe given to (wine)
  • vt+prep+Nbe addicted to (wine)
  • vtoNcausativecause (someone) to overindulge in wine
   chén OC: ɡrlum MC: ɖim 6 Attributions

Chén 沈 is occasionally used to refer to a person being excessively prone to vices of any kind including wine and women. [GENERAL], [HIGH-DEGREE]; [[RARE]]

  • vt+prep+Nget addicted to, be addicted to
  • vtoNfall into (bad habits, bad ways), be given to (bad practices), be immorally fond of
   xù OC: qhos MC: hi̯o 4 Attributions

Xù 酗 is a rare archaic word referring to addiction to wine as expressed in action. [ARCHAIC], [POETIC]; [[RARE]]

  • viactbe compulsively bad
  • vt+prep+Naddicted to (wine) 酗于酒
  • vtoNrare, SHU, weizi 1 and SJ: be excessively given to (wine)
   dān OC: k-luum MC: təm 3 Attributions

The most general word for a strong and permanent liking for alcohol and the like is dān 耽/酖/湛. [HIGH-DEGREE], [POETIC]

  • vt+prep+Nhave completely fallen for (women, hunt etc)
  • vtoNstativebe inordinately fond of; have completely falled for
流湎   liú miǎn OC: ru menʔ MC: lɨu miɛn 2 Attributions
  • VPiactindulge habitual overuse of alcohol
   dān OC: k-luum MC: təm 1 Attribution

The most general word for a strong and permanent liking for alcohol and the like is dān 耽/酖/湛. [HIGH-DEGREE], [POETIC]

  • vtoNbe addicted to (wine) SHUOWEN: 樂酒也
   dān OC: k-luum MC: təm 0 Attributions

The most general word for a strong and permanent liking for alcohol and the like is dān 耽/酖/湛. [HIGH-DEGREE], [POETIC]

  • viarchaic, poetic: be steeped in pleasure; be steeped in
   yòng OC: ɢʷeŋs MC: ɦɣaŋ 0 Attributions

Yòng 醟 is a very rare word referring to excessive fondness of wine. [[RARE]] >>RARE

  • vtoNpsychHANSHU: addicted to (wine)
耽好   dān hào OC: k-luum qhuus MC: təm hɑu 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNstativebe addicted to

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: