DOMESTIC ANIMAL  畜生

ANIMAL REARED IN OR NEAR HOMES.
Old Chinese Criteria

1. The current general word for domestic animals is shēng 牲.

2. Chú huàn 芻豢 refers to grain and hay-eating domestic animals, particularly sheep, bovines, pigs.

3. Chù 畜 refers to domestic animals under the aspect that they are being reared.

4. Chú 芻 refers to domestic animals fed on hey.

5. Huàn 豢 refers to domestic animals fed on grain.

6. Wù 鶩 refers to the domestic duck but can also come to refer to the wild duck.

NB Yā 鴨 is post-Buddhist and refers to the domestic duck.

Modern Chinese Criteria

牲畜

家畜

六畜

畜生

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

Old Chinese Contrasts

Note the extensive work by Eduard Erkes on domestic animals convenintly listed in Martin Gimm's contribution to Stumpfeldt 2002: 1.93ff

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 3.15

DOEDERLEIN 1840 Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien

DOMESTIC ANIMAL

pecus is the most general expression for domestic animals, but the word may also refer specifically to smaller domesti animals like swine, goats and especially sheep.

iumenta domestic animals of the larger sorts, bullocks, ases, horses, and the word may refer specifically to beasts used for drawing carriages.

armenta refers to animals used in ploughing, oxen and horses, with the exclusion of cows, pack-asses, ridfing-horses and the like.

FINSTERBUSCH 2000 Verzeichnis und Motivindex der Han-Darstellungen 755

Haustiere:

STUMPFELDT 2002 Und folge dem, was mein Herz begehrt Hamburger Sinologische Schriften 1.93-136

UNGER SACH "Sachwoerterbuch zum Alten China"

TIER

WU SANXING 2008 中國文化背景八千詞 Zhongguo wenhua beijing ba qian ci 173

POIRIER 1991 Histoire des moeurs 1.1307

FRANKE 1989 Bibliographisches Handbuch zur Sprachinhaltsforschung. Teil II. Systematischer Teil. B. Ordnung nach Sinnbezirken (mit einem alphabetischen Begriffsschluessel): Der Mensch und seine Welt im Spiegel der Sprachforschung 89B

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • NP : 10
  • nm : 8
  • NP{N1&N2} : 8
  • npost-N : 1
  • n : 1
  • NPadV : 1

Attributions by text

  • 墨子 : 3
  • 孟子 : 3
  • 韓非子 : 3
  • 淮南子 : 3
  • 韓詩外傳 : 3
  • 說苑 : 2
  • 荀子 : 1
  • 孝經 : 1
  • 春秋左傳 : 1
  • 禮記 : 1
  • 管子 : 1
  • 莊子 : 1
  • 賢愚經 : 1
  • 史記 : 1
  • 法言 : 1
  • 祖堂集 : 1
  • 六祖壇經 : 1
  • 文子 : 1

Words

芻豢   chú huàn OC: tshro ɡroons MC: ʈʂhi̯o ɦɣan 8 Attributions

Chú huàn 芻豢 refers to grain and hay-eating domestic animals, particularly sheep, bovines, pigs.

  • NP{N1&N2}pluralhey and grain-eating domestic animals, particularly goats, cows; pigs and dogs
   chù OC: khrluɡs MC: ʈhɨu 7 Attributions

Chù 畜 refers to domestic animals under the aspect that they are being reared.

  • nmcollectivewhat is reared: domestic animal
  • npost-Nderivedfigurative: N's creature, creature domesticated by N
六畜   liù chù OC: ɡ-ruɡ khrluɡs MC: luk ʈhɨu 4 Attributions
  • NPadVreference=objectlike one fo the domestic animals
  • NPthe six kinds of domestic animals
畜生   chù shēng OC: khrluɡs sraaŋ MC: ʈhɨu ʂɣaŋ 4 Attributions
  • NPdomestic animals
牛羊   niú yáng OC: ŋɯ k-laŋ MC: ŋɨu ji̯ɐŋ 3 Attributions

Bovine and/or ovive domestic animals in general [DS]

  • NPnonreferentialbovines and ovines
   shēng OC: sraaŋ MC: ʂɣaŋ 2 Attributions

The current general word for domestic animals is shēng 牲.

  • nmcollectivedomestic animal
   huàn OC: ɡroons MC: ɦɣan 1 Attribution

Huàn 豢 refers to domestic animals fed on grain.

  • ndomestic animals fed with grain (normally for slaughtering)
   láo OC: ruu MC: lɑu 0 Attributions
  • nLIJI: domestic animal
   chú OC: tshro MC: ʈʂhi̯o 0 Attributions

Chú 芻 refers to domestic animals fed on hey.

  • ndomestic animal (not necessarily for slaughtering), fed on hey, particularly goat and water buffalo;
   yā OC: qraab MC: ʔɣap 0 Attributions

NB Yā 鴨 is post-Buddhist and refers to the domestic duck.

       wù OC: mos MC: mi̯o 0 Attributions

    Wù 鶩 refers to the domestic duck but can also come to refer to the wild duck.

      犬羊   quǎn yáng OC: khʷeenʔ k-laŋ MC: khen ji̯ɐŋ 0 Attributions
      • NPa dog or a goat

      Existing SW for

      Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: