FORTRESS  堡壘

INTENSELY FORTIFIED BUILDING.
FORTCASTLECITADELBLOCKHOUSESTRONGHOLDREDOUBTFORTIFICATIONBASTIONFASTNESS
Hypernym

BUILDING -> ARTEFACT -> THING -> OBJECT -> PRIME -> N/A

See also

CAMPRAMPART

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The general word for a fortified place smaller than a city is bǎo 保/堡.

2. Lěi 壘 refers to a fortified military position, and this meaning is often difficult to distinguish from the usages discussed under RAMPART.

NB: Zhài 寨 refers to an encampment with timber fortifications only in post-Han (TANG) times.

黄金貴:古漢語同義詞辨釋詞典

HUANG JINGUI 2006

WARFARE 21.

堡,方形小土城,建於交通要道處。

城,漢代邊塞較大的方形軍營。

障,漢時長城沿線或險要處的屯兵小城。

亭,邊境上可防守瞭望的小障。

壁,始於戰國,有陡高圍牆之營壘,行於中古前。

壘,始於戰國的野戰簡易工事,行於後世。

砦,軍隊臨時在野外用木柵欄築成的簡易圍牆,起於中古。

塢,四面圍以土牆的環形軍事防禦設施,盛行於三國、兩晉、南北朝的西南少數民族地區。

碉,用於防守、瞭望的小型建築物。

相關者:

塞,邊界上可以據險固守的要地,始於春秋;

隘,有細狹通道的險要處;

關,險要的出入門戶。

Modern Chinese Criteria

堡壘

壁壘

營壘

碉堡

地堡

橋頭堡

碉樓

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

  • A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages ( BUCK 1988) p. 20.35

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • n : 7
  • NP : 1

Attributions by text

  • 春秋左傳 : 5
  • 呂氏春秋 : 1
  • 戰國策 : 1
  • 史記 : 1

Words

保 / 堡   bǎo OC: puuʔ MC: pɑu bǎo OC: puuʔ MC: pɑu 3 Attributions

The general word for a fortified place smaller than a city is bǎo 保/堡. The general word for a fortified place smaller than a city is bǎo 保/堡.

  • npermanent defensive physical arrangements 入保
   sài OC: sɯɯɡs MC: səi 2 Attributions
  • nfortress (typically in border region or outlying region)
   lěi OC: rulʔ MC: li 2 Attributions

Lěi 壘 refers to a fortified military position, and this meaning is often difficult to distinguish from the usages discussed under RAMPART.

  • nfortified military position
武軍   wǔ jūn OC: mbaʔ kun MC: mi̯o ki̯un 1 Attribution
  • NPmilitary encampment
   bǎo OC: puuʔ MC: pɑu 0 Attributions
  • nfortress, fortified place (usually written 保)
    OC:  MC:  0 Attributions

NB: Zhài 寨 refers to an encampment with timber fortifications only in post-Han (TANG) times.

       zhèn OC: tins MC: ʈin 0 Attributions
    • ngarrison, fortified town

    Existing SW for

    Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: