COPY  抄寫

IMITATE something so as to PRODUCE something BASICALLY RESEMBLING.
REPRODUCEREPLICATE
Antonymy

CREATE

See also

WRITE

Kind Of

IMITATE

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The general (but rare) word for producing a copy of something written or sculpted etc, is xiě 寫 (ant.* 著 "compose" and zuò 作 "make").

2. Mó 摹 (ant.* shū 書 "produce calligraphy") refers to making a mechanical copy of a piece of calligraphy from Han times onwards.

3. Xí 襲 (ant.* zuò 作 "create") refers to unauthorised or unacknowledged copying, but this usage is mostly post-Buddhist.

NB: Lín 臨 "make a close copy of a painting" is post-Buddhist (TANG).

黄金貴:古漢語同義詞辨釋詞典

HUANG JINGUI 2006

EDUCATION 14. 文獻複製。

書,書寫的通稱。

寫,抄寫、臨摹;宋代以後產生書寫義。

錄,抄錄。

鈔,專指謄寫。

謄,照原稿抄寫,後起口語詞。

用於字畫:臨,照原樣抄寫;

摹,直接將紙覆在原本上照抄。

描,依樣摹寫或繪畫,成都輕於摹。

Modern Chinese Criteria

抄寫

謄寫

繕寫

謄錄

謄清 is to make a fair copy of something.

抄錄

移錄

過錄

臨摹

摹寫

描摹

影寫

影鈔

臨帖

繕 (obs)

謄 (obs)

first rough draft to identify synonym group members for future analysis, based on CL. 18.11.2003. CH

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 3
  • n : 1
  • VPtoN : 1

Attributions by text

  • 陸機集十一卷 : 1
  • 論語 : 1
  • 賢愚經 : 1
  • 史記 : 1
  • 六祖壇經 : 1

Words

   xiě OC: sqaʔ MC: sɣɛ 2 Attributions

The general (but rare) word for producing a copy of something written or sculpted etc, is xiě 寫 (ant.* 著 "compose" and zuò 作 "make").

  • vtoNcopy, write a clean copy of; make a physical copy of
   jiāo OC: kleew MC: keu 1 Attribution
  • nagentimitator
   xí OC: zɯb MC: zip 1 Attribution

Xí 襲 (ant.* zuò 作 "create") refers to unauthorised or unacknowledged copying, but this usage is mostly post-Buddhist.

  • vtoNpost-Bhuddhist TANG: quote without acknowledgement
寫為   xiě wéi OC: sqaʔ ɢʷal MC: sɣɛ ɦiɛ 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNmake a copy of
   chāo OC: smʰreew MC: ʈʂhɣɛu 0 Attributions
  • vtoNpost-Han JIN: copy (also written chāo 鈔)
   mó OC: maa MC: muo̝ 0 Attributions

Mó 摹 (ant.* shū 書 "produce calligraphy") refers to making a mechanical copy of a piece of calligraphy from Han times onwards.

  • vtoNmake a mechanical copy of by tracing on thin transparent paper
   lín OC: b-rɯm MC: lim 0 Attributions

NB: Lín 臨 "make a close copy of a painting" is post-Han (TANG).

  • vtoNpost-Han, TANG: make a non-mechanical copy of, imitate (a painting)
   chāo OC: smʰreew MC: ʈʂhɣɛu 0 Attributions
  • vtoNcopy

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: