CRAGGY  崎嶇的

HIGH AND STEEP.
STEEPPRECIPITOUSSHEERPERPENDICULARROCKYRUGGEDRAGGED
Kind Of

HIGH

Old Chinese Criteria

1. Xiǎn 險 (ant. píng 平 "level") refers to inaccessible precipitous and dangerous high terrain.

2. Yán 巖 (or yán 岩 ) focusses on height and steepness in a rocky landscape.

3. Qiào 峭 means extremely steep, and it lays an emphasis on a steepness of a mountain.

4. Jùn 峻 emphasises the height of a mountain.

NB: A large number of poetic words should be added here.

Modern Chinese Criteria

高峻

陡峻

峻峭

連天

崢嶸

嵯峨

峨峨

岩岩

壁立千仞

崎嶇

坎坷

陂陀 refers to unevenness of territory without connoting any craggy height, and is marginal in this group.

起伏

此起彼伏

凹凸不平

高低不平

坑坑窪窪

高高低低

凹凹凸凸

疙疙瘩瘩

高崗下窪

七高八低

七上八下

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

HUANG JINGUI 1995 古代文化詞異集類辨考 Gudai wenhua ci yi ji lei bian kao 30

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vadN : 5
  • vi : 3
  • n : 2
  • n[adN] : 1
  • vi.red : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 7
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 1
  • 春秋左傳 : 1
  • 禮記 : 1
  • 論衡 : 1
  • 淮南子 : 1

Words

   yán OC: ŋɡraam MC: ŋɣam 7 Attributions

Yán 巖 (or yán 岩) focusses on height and steepness in a rocky landscape.

  • nprobably as a deverbal noun: craggy high mountain; by implication or extension, occasionally: cave in the craggy mountains
  • vadNmountainous; often intensitive and reduplicated: craggy, high; (recluses) hidden in the mountains
  • vi.redintensitivebe impressively craggy
  • vi(poetic) be mountainous; often intensitive and reduplicated: craggy, high
   qiào OC: smʰewɡs MC: tshiɛu 3 Attributions

Qiào 峭 means extremely steep, and it lays an emphasis on a steepness of a mountain.

  • vadNsteep, high, and dangerous (of mountains or city walls)
  • vibe steep, high, and dangerous (of mountains or city walls)
   jùn OC: sqluns MC: sʷin 2 Attributions

Jùn 峻 emphasises the height of a mountain.

  • vadNcraggy (mountain or ravine)
  • n[adN]craggy shape
   wēi OC: ŋɡrol MC: ŋiɛ 0 Attributions

Wēi 危 lays an emphasis on a height and verticality of a mountain.

       dǒu OC: tooʔ MC: tu 0 Attributions

    Dǒu 陡 refers to a slopy terrain.

         xiǎn OC: qhromʔ MC: hiɛm 0 Attributions

      Xiǎn 險 (ant. píng 平 "level") refers to inaccessible precipitous and dangerous high terrain.

        Existing SW for

        Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: