BRIDLE  馬絡頭

TOOL PRODUCED USING ROPES, USED to DRIVE:steer HORSES.
HARNESSHEADGEARHACKAMORE
See also

CARRIAGE HORSE

Kind Of

TOOL

Old Chinese Criteria

1. Lè 勒 refers to the whole set of head-gear put on the head and neck of a horse to steer or constrain it, and this includes as its main parts the items listed below.

2. Xián 銜 is the general word for any contraption put into a horse's mouth in order to steer or constrain it. Attached to the xián 銜 is the biāo 鑣 "bit-holder".

3. Jī 羈 refers to leather straps round the head which may or may not hold the xián 銜 in place, and is linked to the other strappings on the horse.

4. Biāo 鑣 is a metal contraption holding the bit in the mouth, and placed on the sides of the horse's mouth and preventing the bit from being pulled sideways out of the horse's mouth. Attached to the biāo 鑣 is the pèi 轡 "reins".

5. Pèi 轡 refers to the reins which hold the bit with its bit-holder in place. See REINS

黄金貴:古漢語同義詞辨釋詞典

HUANG JINGUI 2006

COMMUNICATIONS 20.

勒,口中之銜鑣并連絡頭。

羈,以皮條編結用來網絡馬頭部的絡頭;作動詞,拘縛等義,用於各種事物,唯不用於馬。

轡頭,六朝以後可指馬絡頭。銜是橫勒馬口的馬嚼子,由端首置圓環的兩根銅條組成。其一端在口中勾連,另一端在口邊與鑣相接。

鑣在馬頰口邊,多作圓形或方形,中有孔。

Modern Chinese Criteria

馬勒

馬籠頭

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

DOEDERLEIN 1840 Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien

BRIDLE

frenum is the bridle with which the rider breaks the wild horse.

habena is the rein with which he turns the obedient horse.

oreae was perhaps the generic term for bridle and reins.

HUANG JINGUI 1995 古代文化詞異集類辨考 Gudai wenhua ci yi ji lei bian kao 1293

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • n : 19

Attributions by text

  • 春秋左傳 : 3
  • 莊子 : 3
  • 韓非子 : 3
  • 說苑 : 2
  • 毛詩 : 2
  • 楚辭 : 2
  • 禮記 : 1
  • 戰國策 : 1
  • 淮南子 : 1
  • 韓詩外傳 : 1

Words

   jī OC: kral MC: kiɛ 6 Attributions

Jī 羈 refers to leather straps round the head which may or may not hold the xián 銜 in place, and is linked to the other strappings on the horse.

  • nreins made of leather straps
   xián OC: ɢraam MC: ɦɣam 6 Attributions

Xián 銜 is the general word for any contraption put into a horse's mouth in order to steer or constrain it. Attached to the xián 銜 is the biāo 鑣"bit-holder".

  • nhorse's bit
勒 / 革   lè OC: ɡ-rɯɯɡ MC: lək gé OC: krɯɯɡ MC: kɣɛk 3 Attributions

Lè 勒 refers to the whole set of head-gear put on the head and neck of a horse to steer or constrain it, and this includes as its main parts the items listed below. Lè 勒 refers to the whole set of head-gear put on the head and neck of a horse to steer or constrain it, and this includes as its main parts the items listed below.

  • nbit, with headgear
  • vtoNput the bridle on
   jué OC: ɡod MC: gi̯ɐt 2 Attributions
  • nhorse's bit
   yáng OC: k-laŋ MC: ji̯ɐŋ 1 Attribution
  • nfrontlet; horse bridle ornament
   biāo OC: prew MC: piɛu 1 Attribution

Biāo 鑣 is a metal contraption holding the bit in the mouth, and placed on the sides of the horse's mouth and preventing the bit from being pulled sideways out of the horse's mouth. Attached to the biāo 鑣 is the pèi 轡 "reins".

  • ncontraption keeping horse-bit in the mouth of a horse
   jī OC: kɯl MC: kɨi 0 Attributions
  • nbridle

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: