BEREAVED  孤寡

HUMAN whose NEAR RELATIVE has DIED in the NEAR PAST.
Kind Of

HUMAN

Old Chinese Criteria

[GENERAL/SPECIFIC]

1. Guǎ 寡 is the general word referring to a person whose close relatives, typically parents at an advanced age, but also spouses, have died.

[SPECIFIC]

2. Dú 獨 refers to a childless person at an age where he or she should have children to rely.

[SPECIFIC]

3. Gū guǎ 孤寡 refers to the bereaved in general, and those whom they have lost tends to be of their own generation or above.

[SPECIFIC]

4. Gū dú 孤獨 refers in general to those who have no members of their family to turn to for support.

[SPECIFIC]

Modern Chinese Criteria

鰥寡孤獨

鰥寡

孤寡

鰥嫠

鰥孤

孀孤

孤嫠

無告

孀單

單鵠寡鳧

寡鵠單鳧

孤兒寡婦

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • NP{N1&N2} : 19
  • VP[adN] : 9
  • v[adN] : 5
  • NP : 2
  • n : 2
  • vi : 1
  • VPi : 1
  • VPadN : 1

Attributions by text

  • 管子 : 10
  • 呂氏春秋 : 3
  • 春秋左傳 : 3
  • 禮記 : 3
  • 韓非子 : 3
  • 史記 : 3
  • 墨子 : 2
  • 孝經 : 2
  • 孟子 : 2
  • 荀子 : 2
  • 晏子春秋 : 2
  • 說苑 : 1
  • 賢愚經 : 1
  • 戰國策 : 1
  • 韓詩外傳 : 1
  • 楚辭 : 1

Words

孤寡   gū guǎ OC: kʷaa kʷraaʔ MC: kuo̝ kɣɛ 19 Attributions

Gū guǎ 孤寡 refers to the bereaved in general, and those whom they have lost tends to be of their own generation or above. [SPECIFIC]

  • NP{N1&N2}nonreferentialthe bereaved; orphans and widows
孤獨   gū dú OC: kʷaa dooɡ MC: kuo̝ duk 11 Attributions

Gū dú 孤獨 refers in general to those who have no members of their family to turn to for support. [SPECIFIC]

  • VP[adN]nonreferentialthose in any way bereaved
  • VPadNbereaved
  • VPibe bereaved, have to rely on oneself
   guǎ OC: kʷraaʔ MC: kɣɛ 6 Attributions

Guǎ 寡 is the general word referring to a person whose close relatives, typically parents at an advanced age, but also spouses, have died. [SPECIFIC]

  • v[adN]N=humthe bereaved; often specifically widow GUAN 35 鰥寡"widowers and widows"; widower
  • vibe bereaved
  • viinchoativebecome bereaved, lose a close relative
   dú OC: dooɡ MC: duk 2 Attributions

Dú 獨 refers to a childless person at an age where he or she should have children to rely. [SPECIFIC]

  • nplurchildless persons
鰥寡   guān guǎ MC: kwean kwaeX OC: kruun kʷraaʔ 2 Attributions
  • NPwidowers and widows
   shuāng OC: sqraŋ MC: ʂi̯ɐŋ 0 Attributions

Shuāng refers to a widow. See WIDOW

  • nnonreferentialthe bereaved
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • NPwidowers and widows

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: