ASH  灰燼

SUBSTANCE that REMAINS AFTER something is BURNT.
CINDERSASHESEMBERS
Taxonoymy

SOOT

Kind Of

SUBSTANCE

Old Chinese Criteria

[[COMMON/RARE]]

[GENERAL/SPECIFIC]

[LASTING/TEMPORARY]

1. The most general word for what is left of something after it is burnt is perhaps the rather rare jìn 燼, and these substances can be cold or still hot.

[GENERAL]

2. Huī 灰 refers specifically to cold ashes.

[SPECIFIC]; [[COMMON]]

3. Wēi 煨 refers to embers that are still very hot.

[SPECIFIC], [TEMPORARY]; [[RARE]]

Compare also SOOT for the dark remnants of something burnt.

NB: Xiè 灺 refers specifically to what is left of candles etc after they are burnt out and came into use in Tang times (Hán Yù).

Modern Chinese Criteria

火底

灰燼

爐塵

爐灰

柴灰

煙灰

紙灰

煤灰

骨灰

first rough draft to identify synonym group members for future analysis, based on CL. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 1.84

KIESCHNICK 2003 The Impact of Buddhim on Chinese Material Culture 29-51

The history of relics in China

MENGE Lateinische Synonymik 253

REY 2005 Dictionnaire culturel en langue francaise 1.1338

WANG FENGYANG 1993 古辭辨 Gu ci bian 83

JONES 2005 Encyclopedia of Religion

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • nm : 12
  • NPm : 11
  • vi : 3

Attributions by text

  • 祖堂集 : 9
  • 韓非子 : 6
  • 春秋左傳 : 2
  • 莊子 : 2
  • 淮南子 : 2
  • 呂氏春秋 : 1
  • 禮記 : 1
  • 管子 : 1
  • 翻譯名義集 : 1
  • 法集要頌經 : 1

Words

   huī OC: qhʷɯɯ MC: huo̝i 13 Attributions

Huī 灰 refers specifically to cold ashes. [SPECIFIC]; [[COMMON]]

  • nmashes
  • vichangeturn into ashes; became ashes
舍利   shě lì OC: lʰaʔ rids MC: ɕɣɛ li 10 Attributions
  • NPmBUDDH: relics of the Buddha or occasionally of another famous Buddhist monk; relic pellets (referring to the crystalline remains left over after cremation) SANSKRIT Śarīra
   jìn OC: zins MC: zin 2 Attributions

The most general word for what is left of something after it is burnt is perhaps the rather rare jìn 燼, and these substances can be cold or still hot. [GENERAL]

  • nmunburnable substances (also other than ashes) that remain after something has been burnt; ashes; ZUO metaphorically: leftovers (as of a country after its complete destruction)
灰火   huī huǒ OC: qhʷɯɯ qphaalʔ MC: huo̝i hʷɑ 1 Attribution
  • NPmhot ashes
   xiè OC: ljalʔ MC: zɣɛ 0 Attributions

NB: Xiè 灺 refers specifically to what is left of candles etc after they are burnt out and came into use in Tang times (Hán Yù).

  • nmwhatever is left over after burning anything (including a candle etc)
   wēi OC: quul MC: ʔuo̝i 0 Attributions

Wēi 煨 refers to embers that are still very hot. [SPECIFIC], [TEMPORARY]; [[RARE]]

  • nmZGC: still hot ash, perhaps red-hot

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: