CONSCIENCE  良心

MIND:mental ORGAN of INDEPENDENT MORAL JUDGMENT of ONESELF.
ENSE OF RIGHT AND WRONGMORAL SENSEINNER VOICEMORALSSTANDARDSVALUESPRINCIPLESETHICSBELIEFSCOMPUNCTIONSCRUPLESQUALMS
See also

AWAREWILLETHICSMORALITY

Kind Of

ORGAN

Old Chinese Criteria

The notion of an inner organ of moral judgment is not well attested in pre-Buddhist China. Having a "good conscience" is unheard of, and having a "bad conscience" in the form of feelings of moral distress is, in the LY-tradition, but first attested in Taó Qiān, nèi jiù 內疚. typically takes the form not of remorse so much as of varieties of regret 悔 or 恨. The history of strong regret huǐ 悔 is an important part of the history of emotions in China.

Modern Chinese Criteria

良心 is the standard word for conscience.

人心

天良

良知

丹心

丹寸

丹府

赤心

紅心

忠心

公心

赤子之心

童心

真心

腹心

心腹

誠心

誠意

至誠

丹誠

熱血

真情

至情

情素

肝膽

悃誠

實心實意

真心實意

誠心誠意

心虛 is a traditional and literary way of referring to someone having a bad conscience.

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BOSMAN 2003 Conscience in Philo and Paul Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament

CASSIN 2004 Vocabulaire européen des philosophies. Dictionnaire des intraduisibles 261

COMENIUS 1665 De Rerum Humanarum Emendatione 493©

CONSCIENTIA vis mentis actiones suas dijudicantis hoc est facienda dictitantis, facta dijudicantis, dijudicata in sempiternum conservantis.

Habet igitur 1. Subjectum, animam rationalem, cujus pars est. 2. Objectum literarum (liberum????) arbitrium, cujus directrix. 3. Officium seu Leges (1) mali pro pro bono electionem prohibere (2) admissum exprobrare, emendationemqve suadere (3) Mentem emendatam erigere, non emendatam cruciare.

Conscientiae vitium est triplex. 1. Defectus, cum non facit officium Torpedo (i.e. "lethargy") vocatur. 2. Excessus, cum nimis exaggerat, inqvietat, condemnat, Furia. Perversio seu Confusio: cum majora negligit, minora proseqvitur, Hypocrisis.

DELUMEAU 1990 Sin and Fear

LANGIUS 1631 Anthologia sive Florilegium rerum et materiarum selectarum

CONSCIENTIA

RITTER 1971-2007 Historisches Woerterbuch der Philosophie 3.574

GEWISSEN

ZHANG DAINIAN 2002 Key Concepts in Chinese Philosophy 411

ZHANG DAINIAN 2002 Key Concepts in Chinese Philosophy 443

ZHANG DAINIAN 2002 Key Concepts in Chinese Philosophy 449

YANG MINGTIAN 2009 觀念的對比分析 223

SOVEST'

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • nab : 5
  • NPab : 1

Attributions by text

  • 春秋左傳 : 6

Words

   zhōng OC: krluŋ MC: ʈuŋ 5 Attributions
  • nabpsychinner world, mind; conscience??? NB: the attribution of this meaning is always tentative.
天衷   tiān zhōng OC: lʰiin krluŋ MC: then ʈuŋ 1 Attribution
  • NPabpsychconscience??? ??? ???

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: