LIE  說謊

SAY what one KNOWS to be NOT TRUE.
TELL AN UNTRUTHTELL A LIEFIBDISSEMBLEDISSIMULATEMISINFORMMISLEADTELL A WHITE LIEPERJURE ONESELFCOMMIT PERJURYPREVARICATEINFORMAL LIE THROUGH ONE'S TEETHSTRETCH THE TRUTHFORMAL FORSWEAR ONESELF
Kind Of

SPEAK

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The are no very current words for lying in pre-Buddhist Chinese. Dàn 誕 "lie" and huǎng 謊 "lie" are both rare.

Modern Chinese Criteria

說謊 is the current modern word for lying.

打謊 (coll) is a colloquial word for lying.

撒謊 is a colloquial term for spreading lies.

扯謊 (lit) is a more literary way of referring to lying.

扯白 (dial) is a dialect word for telling a lie.

佯言 (lit) is a literary way of referring to dishonest talk.

瞎說 refers irresponsible untruthful loose talk rather than strategic lying.

說鬼話 is a colloquial idiom for telling wild lies.

說瞎話 is a colloquial idiom for talking loosely without any basis in fact.

食言 refers to going back on one's word rather than lying in the first place and the word is marginal in the group.

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 16.67

DIFFERENTIAE I De differentiis 118

FALSITAS, MENDACIUM

220. Inter Falsitatem et mendacium. Negare quod verum [ Al., vere] est, falsitas est, fingere quod verum [ Al., vere] non est, mendacium est. Unde 30 et [col. 33B] Cato: Tu, inquam, si verum supprimis [Al., vera nobis supprimis], falsarius agnosceris; si falsa confingis, mendax esse videris [Al., judicaberis].

119

MENDUM, MENDACIUM

357. Inter Mendum et mendacium. Mendum in libro proprie dicitur, unde et emendare dicimus. Nam mendacium in caeteris rebus est.

HUANG XIAODONG 2003 “荀子”單音節形容詞同義關係研究 175

LANGIUS 1631 Anthologia sive Florilegium rerum et materiarum selectarum

MENDACIUM

REY 2005 Dictionnaire culturel en langue francaise 3.533

RITTER 1971-2007 Historisches Woerterbuch der Philosophie 5.533

LUEGE

SCHMIDT 1889 Handbuch der lateinischen und griechischen Synonymik 19/27

BORCHERT 2005 The Encyclopedia of Philosophy

LYING

BROWN 2005 Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics. Second Edition

WEBER 1857 Democritus Ridens 4.323

DIVISIONES 1906 Divisiones quae vulgo dicuntur Aristoteleae B 31/49

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vt+prep+N : 2
  • VPi : 1
  • nab : 1
  • vi : 1
  • vtoN : 1

Attributions by text

  • 荀子 : 2
  • 孟子 : 2
  • 韓詩外傳 : 1
  • 祖堂集 : 1

Words

   dàn OC: laanʔ MC: dɑn 2 Attributions

The are no very current words for lying in pre-Buddhist Chinese. Dàn 誕 "lie" and huǎng 謊 "lie" are both rare.

  • viacttell lies; XUN 2: (boast and thereby) deceive
  • nabacttelling lies in order to boast
   zhuǎn OC: tonʔ MC: ʈiɛn 2 Attributions
  • vt+prep+NN=placeto lie (somewhere) like paralyzed rolling one's body
   mán OC: moon MC: mʷɑn 1 Attribution
  • vtoNlie todeceive
陶誕   yáo dàn MC: -- danX OC: b-lew laanʔ 1 Attribution
  • VPiactboast and thereby deceive
   é OC: ŋʷaal MC: ŋʷɑ 0 Attributions
  • vadNSHI: cheating, fraudulent
  • viacttell a lie
   huǎng OC: hmaaŋʔ MC: hɑŋ 0 Attributions

The are no very current words for lying in pre-Buddhist Chinese. Dàn 誕 "lie" and huǎng 謊 "lie" are both rare.

  • nabactLSCQ: unreliable talk
妄言   wàng yán OC: maŋs ŋan MC: mi̯ɐŋ ŋi̯ɐn 0 Attributions
  • VPiacttell lies

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: