CHIN  下巴

MOST LOW PART of the FACE BELOW the MOUTH.
JAW
See also

CHEEKBEARD

Kind Of

N/A

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The most current and the most general word for the lower part of the face is yí 頤, but the word does include the cheeks. See CHEEK.

2. Hàn 頷 is used to refer to the jaw of a dragon, but the word is rare in ancient texts and hard to fix semantically with any precision.

3. Hǎi 頦 is post-Buddhist (TANG) colloquial.

黄金貴:古漢語同義詞辨釋詞典

HUANG JINGUI 2006

HUMAN BODY 38. 下巴。

頷,兼骨頭和肌肉組織而言,通稱。

頦,有口語色彩。

頤,連口周圍的組織,包括兩腮和下巴,偏重於頰腮。

Modern Chinese Criteria

下巴

下頜

下巴頦兒

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 4.207

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 4.209

DOEDERLEIN 1840 Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien

JAW

mala refers to the upper jaw.

maxilla refers to the lower jaw.

FRANKE 1989 Bibliographisches Handbuch zur Sprachinhaltsforschung. Teil II. Systematischer Teil. B. Ordnung nach Sinnbezirken (mit einem alphabetischen Begriffsschluessel): Der Mensch und seine Welt im Spiegel der Sprachforschung 7

CHIN

HUANG JINGUI 1995 古代文化詞異集類辨考 Gudai wenhua ci yi ji lei bian kao 530

IORDANSKAJA 1996 A Russian-English Collocational Dictionary of the Human Body 272

WANG FENGYANG 1993 古辭辨 Gu ci bian NO

PILLON 1850 Handbook of Greek Synonymes, from the French of M. Alex. Pillon, Librarian of the Bibliothèque Royale , at Paris, and one of the editors of the new edition of Plaché's Dictionnaire Grec-Français, edited, with notes, by the Rev. Thomas Kerchever Arnold, M.A. Rector of Lyndon, and late fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge no.153

FRANKE 1989 Bibliographisches Handbuch zur Sprachinhaltsforschung. Teil II. Systematischer Teil. B. Ordnung nach Sinnbezirken (mit einem alphabetischen Begriffsschluessel): Der Mensch und seine Welt im Spiegel der Sprachforschung 7A

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • n : 5

Attributions by text

  • 莊子 : 3
  • 韓非子 : 1
  • 祖堂集 : 1

Words

   yí OC: k-lɯ MC: jɨ 4 Attributions

The most current and the most general word for the lower part of the face is yí 頤. See CHEEK.

  • nlower part of the face, including the chin as well as the cheeks
   hàn OC: ɡlɯɯmʔ MC: ɦəm 1 Attribution

Hàn 頷 is used to refer to the jaw of a dragon, but the word is rare in ancient texts and hard to fix semantically with any precision.

  • nchin, jaw (especially of dragon)
   hái OC: ɡɯɯ MC: ɦəi 0 Attributions

Kē 頦 is post-Buddhist (TANG) colloquial.

  • npost-Han:: chin
頰車   jiá chē OC: keeb khlja MC: kep tɕhɣɛ 0 Attributions
  • NP[post-N]the jaws of a contextually determinate animal N

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: