LIMIT  界限

MOMENT OR PLACE which DEFINES what is INSIDE AND what is OUTSIDE something.
BOUNDARYBORDERBOUNDFRONTIEREDGEDEMARCATION LINEPERIMETEROUTSIDECONFINEPERIPHERYMARGINRIM
Taxonoymy

BOUNDARYENDBORDERDELIMIT

See also

HOLE

Kind Of

MOMENT

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The most common word for the extreme limit of anything, especially of abstract things, is jí 極.

2. Jì 際 commonly refers to the interface between two realms of things.

3. Yín 垠 refers to a distant limit on earth.

4. Gāi 垓 is a rare and rarified word referring to cosmological limits.

5. Yá 涯 and the etymologically related yá 崖 refer poetically to the limitations of things in time.

6. Liàng 量 can refer abstractly to the fixed limit to something, for example the use of wine at meals.

Modern Chinese Criteria

限度

止境

底止

限止

界限

窮盡

盡頭

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 12.35

HUANG JINGUI 1995 古代文化詞異集類辨考 Gudai wenhua ci yi ji lei bian kao 24

GIRARD 1769 SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse 1.116,83

TERMES.LIITES.BORNES

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • n : 28
  • nab : 11
  • vtoN : 5
  • vi : 5

Attributions by text

  • 莊子 : 13
  • 論衡 : 8
  • 淮南子 : 5
  • 毛詩 : 4
  • 列子 : 3
  • 論語 : 3
  • 春秋左傳 : 3
  • 管子 : 2
  • 賢愚經 : 1
  • 朱子語類 : 1
  • 韓非子 : 1
  • 法言 : 1
  • 法集要頌經 : 1
  • 韓詩外傳 : 1
  • 楚辭 : 1
  • 尹文子 : 1

Words

   jì OC: skeds MC: tsiɛi 14 Attributions

Jì 際 commonly refers to the interface between two realms of things.

  • nouter edge, outer limit, extremity, border-line, limits (often between abstract things like periods of time)
  • vt+prep+Nborder on
  • vtoNpassivehave a limit set to, be limited by something/anything
   jí OC: ɡɯɡ MC: gɨk 10 Attributions

The most common word for the extreme limit of anything, especially of abstract things, is jí 極.

  • nextreme limit; ultimate point
  • nadNlimiting
  • vireach the limit > ripen (of grain) ??
   jiāng OC: kaŋ MC: ki̯ɐŋ 5 Attributions
  • nablimit, bounds 無疆 "without bounds"
涯 / 涯   yá OC: ŋɡree MC: ŋɣɛ yí OC: ŋɡre MC: ŋiɛ 4 Attributions

Yá 涯 and the etymologically related yá 崖 refer poetically to the limitations of things in time. Yá 涯 and the etymologically related yá 崖 refer poetically to the limitations of things in time.

  • nabnatural limit; given limitation
   liàng OC: ɡ-raŋs MC: li̯ɐŋ 3 Attributions

Liàng 量 can refer abstractly to the fixed limit to something, for example the use of wine at meals.

  • nfixed limit
  • nfigurativedefinite limitations; fixed proper limits and standards
  • viactgage one's limitations
   xiàn OC: ɡrɯɯnʔ MC: ɦɣɛn 3 Attributions
  • nfigurativeborder or limit (of abstract things), limitation, constraining limit
  • vtoNimpose limits on N; reduce N
   yín OC: ŋɡɯn MC: ŋɨn 2 Attributions

Yín 垠 refers to a distant limit on earth.

  • ncosmic border; CC: 唼o small that there is nothing inside, so large that there are no outer bounds�; CC, jiutan: the mountains are so large, there is no end/boundary to them
   fú OC: pɯɡ MC: puk 2 Attributions
  • vtoNset a limit to
   huà OC: ɢʷreeɡs MC: ɦɣɛ 2 Attributions
  • viactdraw the line??, set one's own limits??
   liè OC: rod MC: liɛt 1 Attribution
  • nlimit or boundary
   yá OC: ŋɡree MC: ŋɣɛ 1 Attribution
  • nabfigurativeouter limit; boundary
   duān OC: toon MC: tʷɑn 1 Attribution
  • nlimit
窮極   qióng jí MC: gjuwng gik OC: ɡʷɯŋ ɡɯɡ 1 Attribution
  • nablimit
   gāi OC: kɯɯ MC: kəi 0 Attributions

Gāi 垓 is a rare and rarified word referring to cosmological limits.

  • nSima Xiangru, fengshanwen: [(in expression jiǔ gāi 九垓)] border between regions in the Heavens
   fán OC: ban MC: bi̯ɐn 0 Attributions
  • nabmetaphysicalabstract: the limits HNZ: 天地之樊 "the limits of Heaven and Earth"
有限   yǒu xiàn OC: ɢʷɯʔ ɡrɯɯnʔ MC: ɦɨu ɦɣɛn 0 Attributions
  • VPadNfigurativehave limits > limited, confined to restraints
   jìn OC: dzinʔ MC: dzin 0 Attributions
  • nabconcept

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: