BEARD  鬍鬚

HAIR ON FACE.
FACIAL HAIRWHISKERSSTUBBLEFIVE O'CLOCK SHADOWBRISTLESGOATEEIMPERIAL
See also

CHIN

Kind Of

HAIR

Old Chinese Criteria

[BASIC/MARGINAL]

[COMMON/RARE]

[GENERAL/SPECIFIC]

1. The general word is xū 鬚 referring to all kinds of facial hair, but the word cannot refer to hair on the crown.

[GENERAL]

2. Rán 髯 refers to long whiskers (and when substantial constitutes a remarkable thing among a people with little facial hair).

[SPECIFIC]

3. Liè 鬣 is primarily the mane of a horse and refers to a beard noted for its length.

[MARGINAL], [SPECIFIC]; [[RARE]]

4. Zī 髭 "moustache" was a rare word and a rare thing in ancient China.

[SPECIFIC]; [[RARE]]

NB: Hú 鬍 "beard" is post-Buddhist.

黄金貴:古漢語同義詞辨釋詞典

HUANG JINGUI 2006

BODY 37.

鬍鬚,文獻中罕用,多假借作連詞。

鬚,也是口毛的通稱,與 “ 髭 ”“ 髯 ” 對言時特指下巴上的鬍鬚。

髯,面頰耳旁的鬍鬚。

髭,口上鼻下的鬍鬚。

鬍,下巴上的鬍鬚,口語詞。

Modern Chinese Criteria

鬍子

鬍鬚

髭髯

絡腮鬍子

連鬢鬍子

虯髯

美髯

大鬍子

小鬍子

八字鬍子

山羊鬍子

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 4.142

FRANKE 1989 Bibliographisches Handbuch zur Sprachinhaltsforschung. Teil II. Systematischer Teil. B. Ordnung nach Sinnbezirken (mit einem alphabetischen Begriffsschluessel): Der Mensch und seine Welt im Spiegel der Sprachforschung 7A

BEARD

HUANG JINGUI 1995 古代文化詞異集類辨考 Gudai wenhua ci yi ji lei bian kao 534

IORDANSKAJA 1996 A Russian-English Collocational Dictionary of the Human Body 373

IORDANSKAJA 1996 A Russian-English Collocational Dictionary of the Human Body 8

LANGIUS 1631 Anthologia sive Florilegium rerum et materiarum selectarum

BARBA

REY 2005 Dictionnaire culturel en langue francaise 1.781

WU SANXING 2008 中國文化背景八千詞 Zhongguo wenhua beijing ba qian ci 62ff

DE VAAN 2008 Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the Other Italic Languages

barba 'beard' [f. a] (P1.+)

Derivatives: barbatus 'bearded' (Elog.Scip., P1.+), barbula 'little beard' (Lucil.+),

barbitium 'a growth of beard' (Apul.+); imberbis [adj.] 'beardless' (Lucil.+).

PAULY 1894-1973 Realencyklopädie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft 3.30

BAECHTHOLD-STAEUBLI 1987 Handwörterbuch des deutschen Aberglaubens 1.930

HONG CHENGYU 2009 古漢語常用詞同義詞詞典 87

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • n : 13

Attributions by text

  • 春秋左傳 : 3
  • 莊子 : 2
  • 荀子 : 1
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 1
  • 論衡 : 1
  • 賢愚經 : 1
  • 百喻經 : 1
  • 臨濟錄 : 1
  • 韓非子 : 1
  • 史記 : 1

Words

鬚 / 須   xū OC: so MC: si̯o xū OC: so MC: si̯o 9 Attributions

The general word is xū 鬚 referring to all kinds of facial hair, but the word cannot refer to hair on the crown. [GENERAL] The general word is xū 鬚 referring to all kinds of facial hair, but the word cannot refer to hair on the crown. [GENERAL]

  • nbeard; whiskers
   rán OC: njam MC: ȵiɛm 2 Attributions

Rán 髯 refers to long whiskers (and when substantial constitutes a remarkable thing among a people with little facial hair). [SPECIFIC]

  • nlong whiskers
   liè OC: rab MC: liɛp 2 Attributions

Liè 鬣 is primarily the mane of a horse and refers to a beard noted for its length. [MARGINAL], [SPECIFIC]; [[RARE]]

  • nGY: long unruly beard (like the mane of a horse) (the word also refers to hair standing on end, according to SHUOWEN)
   huì OC: qhʷads MC: hi̯ɐi 0 Attributions
  • ngoat-beard, facial hair on the chin
   zī OC: tse MC: tsiɛ 0 Attributions

Zī 髭 "moustache" was a rare word and a rare thing in ancient China. [SPECIFIC]; [[RARE]]

  • nmoustache
    OC:  MC:  0 Attributions

NB: Hú 鬍 "beard" is post-Buddhist.

  • npost-Han: moustache or beard

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: