CASTRATE  宮刑

MUTILATE so as to CUT off MALE GENITALS.
NEUTERGELDCUTDESEXUNSEXSTERILIZEFIXALTERDOCTORARCHAIC EMASCULATE
See also

EUNUCH

Kind Of

MUTILATE

Old Chinese Criteria

1. Gōng 宮 is the standard word referring to castration.

2. Gōng bì 宮辟 refers specifically to castration as punishment.

黄金貴:古漢語同義詞辨釋詞典

HUANG JINGUI 2006

HUMAN AFFAIRS 42.

椓,以擊打的方法來破壞人的生殖器官,最早的宮刑。

宮,對男性割除外生殖器官、對婦女加以幽閉的刑罰。

閹,宮而非刑,男子自願去除外生殖器官,使其失去性能力,而後在宮廷內侍奉帝王及其家屬。

豶,去除公豬的外生殖器官,喻指人的閹割。

ANIMALS 42.

閹豬渾稱 “ 豶 ” 。可供祭祀之肥壯者稱 “ 豚 ” , “ 豚 ” 常作閹豬通稱。

閹馬,早期稱 “ 騬 ” ,後稱 “ 騸 ” 。

閹牛早期稱 “ 犗 ” ,後多稱 “ 犍 ” 。

閹羊,渾稱為 “ 羠 ” ,其黑色者稱 “ 羯 ” 。

閣雞稱 “ 驐 ” ,江南方言詞。

Modern Chinese Criteria

宮刑

閹割

去勢

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

HONG CHENGYU 2009 古漢語常用詞同義詞詞典 508

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 7
  • nab : 3
  • vadN : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 5
  • 史記 : 3
  • 呂氏春秋 : 1
  • 管子 : 1
  • 尚書 : 1

Words

   gōng OC: kuŋ MC: kuŋ 4 Attributions
  • nabactcastration for men and isolated detention for women
  • vtoNto castrate
  • vtoNreflexive.自castrate (oneself)
   fǔ OC: boʔ MC: bi̯o 3 Attributions
  • nabactcastration
  • vadNpunishable by castration
   fén OC: bɯn MC: bi̯un 2 Attributions
  • vtoNcut off testicles, castrate
  • vtoNreflexive.自castrate (oneself)
   xíng OC: ɡeeŋ MC: ɦeŋ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNcastrate 自刑
  • vtoNreflexive.自castrate (oneself)
    OC:  MC:  1 Attribution

zhuó

  • nabactcastration, also castration of women
奄 / 閹   yǎn OC: qromʔ MC: ʔiɛm yān OC: qrom MC: ʔiɛm 0 Attributions
  • vtoNcastrate
  • nabactcastration
   huàn OC: ɢʷraans MC: ɦɣan 0 Attributions
  • vtoNcausativemake into a eunuch
   jiè OC: kraads MC: kɣɛi 0 Attributions
  • vtoNcastrate
刑餘   xíng yú OC: ɡeeŋ la MC: ɦeŋ ji̯ɤ 0 Attributions
  • VPadNcastrated
宮辟   gōng pì OC: kuŋ pheɡ MC: kuŋ phiɛk 0 Attributions
  • nSHU: castration
  • NPabactcastration
淨身   jìng shēn OC: skhreeŋ qhjin MC: dziɛŋ ɕin 0 Attributions

jìng shēn

  • vtoNmodern term, vt: castrate is a modern term which does not denote a punishment

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: