CANDLE  

SIMPLE SMALL LAMP in the form of a STICK of WAX AND a WICK.
TAPERVOTIVE CANDLEARCHAIC GLIM
Kind Of

LAMP

Old Chinese Criteria

1. Zhú 燭 refers to the hand-held torch made ussually of hemp stalks or reed. The word is also used for the torch put in a lamp. Some scholars suggest that the term refers to the candle. WANG 1993: 255; HUANG 1995: 1372; SUN 1991: 351.

2. Là zhú 蠟燭 is the post-Buddhist word for a wax candle. Note that bees were not raised in ancient China, therefore candles were rather valuable artefacts. [WANG 1993: 256]

Modern Chinese Criteria

蠟燭

蠟炬

洋蠟燭

洋蠟

蠟台

燭台

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 7.46

DOEDERLEIN 1840 Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien

CANDLE

candela is a candle that can be carried about.

lucerna is a candle that is fixed, typically on a table.

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • n : 14

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 2
  • 賢愚經 : 2
  • 戰國策 : 2
  • 說苑 : 1
  • 禮記 : 1
  • 管子 : 1
  • 法集要頌經 : 1
  • 韓詩外傳 : 1
  • 新論-漢-桓譚 : 1
  • 祖堂集 : 1
  • 法句經 : 1

Words

   zhú OC: tjoɡ MC: tɕi̯ok 12 Attributions

Zhú 燭refers to the hand-held torch made ussually of hemp stalks or reed. The word is also used for the torch put in a lamp. Some scholars suggest that the term refers to the candle. WANG 1993: 255; HUANG 1995: 1372; SUN 1991: 351.

  • nhand-held lamp or candle
  • nfigurativethe candle of Buddhist truth
   zhù OC: tjos MC: tɕi̯o 2 Attributions
  • ncandle wick
蠟燭   là zhú OC: raab tjoɡ MC: lɑp tɕi̯ok 0 Attributions

Là zhú 蠟燭 is the post-Buddhist word for a wax candle. Note that bees were not raised in ancient China, therefore candles were rather valuable artefacts. [WANG 1993: 256]

  • NP{N1adN2}post-Han: shishuoxinyu: wax candle

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: