ESPIONAGE  間諜

SECRET INVESTIGATION of the SITUATION in OTHER STATES.
SPYSECRET AGENTINTELLIGENCE AGENTDOUBLE AGENTUNDERCOVER AGENTCOUNTERSPYMOLESLEEPERPLANTSCOUTINFORMAL SNOOPERARCHAIC INTELLIGENCER.BE A SPYGATHER INTELLIGENCEWORK FOR THE SECRET SERVICEINFORMAL SNOOP
Taxonoymy

SPY

Kind Of

INVESTIGATE

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The current general word for spying is jiàn 間, and this is the general word for military intelligence used in SUN.

2. Dié 諜 refers to strictly professional and government-sponsored spying of any kind.

3. Tàn 探 refers to a spy-like operation which is not necessarily entirely secret.

4. Hòu 候 refers specifically to military espionage on the borders.

Modern Chinese Criteria

間諜活動

間諜

情報員

諜報員

特務

特工

細作

坐探

探子

眼線

眼目

耳目

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

DOEDERLEIN 1840 Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien

SPY

explorator refers to a person sent out to scout out conditions in an enemy country.

speculator refers to real spies sent out to explore the intentions of the enemy as well as the prevailing enemy conditions.

emissarius refers to a person sent on a secret mission, secret negotiations or other secret transactions in enemy country.

WANG LI 2000 王力古漢語字典 1564

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 9
  • v[adN] : 2
  • vtoNab{S} : 2
  • NP : 1
  • VPi : 1

Attributions by text

  • 春秋左傳 : 9
  • 韓非子 : 4
  • 春秋穀梁傳 : 1
  • 戰國策 : 1

Words

閒 / 間   jiàn OC: kreens MC: kɣɛn jiàn OC: kreens MC: kɣɛn 7 Attributions
  • vtoNobject=spymasteract as spy for
  • vtoNobject=enemyspy on
  • viactact as a spy
  • vtoNab{S}ascertain by espionage that S
   dié OC: leeb MC: dep 4 Attributions

Dié 諜 refers to strictly professional and government-sponsored spying of any kind.

  • nabactformal espionage
  • vtoNspy on
  • v[adN]spy
   tàn OC: kh-luum MC: thəm 1 Attribution

Tàn 探refers to a spy-like operation which is not necessarily entirely secret.

  • vtoNmanage to spy out
   chì OC: khljaɡ MC: tɕhiɛk 1 Attribution
  • vtoNspy out (ZUO) [examine][CA]
姦人   jiān rén OC: kraan njin MC: kɣan ȵin 1 Attribution
  • NPspy
耳目   ěr mù OC: mljɯʔ muɡ MC: ȵɨ muk 1 Attribution
  • VPiact as spies
   qiàn OC: kheens MC: khen 0 Attributions
  • nabactERYA: espionage
   hòu OC: ɡoos MC: ɦu 0 Attributions

Hòu 候 refers specifically to military espionage on the borders.

  • vtoNspy out
   xiòng OC: qhʷeŋs MC: hiɛŋ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNinvestigate

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: