NPabbuddhistBUDDH: afflictions; troubles, defilements, contamination (SOOTHILL: 406 "The Chinese interpretation is the delusions, trials, or temptations of the passions and of ignorance which disturb and distress the mind [...].") (The three basic defilements are also referred to as the Three Poisons' of craving/passion (tān 貪 ), anger/aversion (chēn 嗔 ), and ignorance (chi 痴 )) skr. kleśa
NP[adN]BUDDH: endowed with sensation > sentient being (as opposed to 無情 inanimate things) (this term for sattva was introduced by Xuánzàng 玄奘 (600-664), although the older term zhòngshēng 眾生 remained more popular; originally both terms were a translation of the same Sanskrit word but eventually yǒuqíng came to be used paricularily for creatures with mental activities, whereas zhòngshēng can be used more generally for 'living being', including plant life; the term yǒuqíng is also less neutral, since it gives also emphasis to the notion of qíng 情, i.e. that living beings (particularily human beings) are characterized by deluded mental activities); SANSKRIT sattva
Developed at the Center for Informatics in East-Asian Studies, Institute for Research in Humanities, Kyoto University, with support from the
Dean for Research, Department of East Asian Studies, and
Program in East Asian Studies, Princeton University.
Hosted by Princeton University, Department of East Asian Studies, in cooperation with Ruhr University Bochum, Center for the Study of Traditional Chinese Cultures .
Heidelberg University - Cluster of Excellence - Asia and Europe in a Global Context
and IKOS - University of Oslo