1 離騷經
 
帝高陽之苗裔兮,
 
 
(dì)
n+pr highest ancestor, High Lord
 
苗裔 (miáo yì)
NP offspring, descendant
朕皇考曰伯庸。
 
 
(zhèn)
npro.adN auto-honorific ceremonial: my
 
皇考 (huáng kǎo)
NP honorific and poetic term for one's father [also sometimes: great-grandfather][CA]
 
(yuē)
vt+N copula be; be called; of texts: run as follows
攝提貞于孟陬兮,
 
惟庚寅吾以降。
 
 
已/以 (yǐ)
vadV present by this time, already; after; after a while
 
惟/唯/隹 (wéi)
vt+N copula come to occur at (a certain time)
 
吾/䱷 (wú)
npro 1. person singular I (unmarked, non-contrastive, weak)
 
(jiàng)
vi descend into this world (and be born)
皇覽揆余初度兮,
 
 
(huáng)
n father
 
覽揆 (lǎn kuí)
VPtoN look over, inspect closely
 
(yú)
npro{SUBJ}+V{PRED} I (particularly from Warring States onwards: "I personally" rarely physically: "I purely physically (was injured etc) )
 
(chū)
nadV 1. for the first time, initiating a tradition; 2. for a start, in the first place, initiating an ongoing process
肇錫余以嘉名。
 
 
(zhào)
vadV in the very beginning
 
(xī)
vtoN give
 
(yǐ)
vt0oN.postVt e.g. 教以孝 "teach filial piety": "preposition" introducing direct object of transitive verb
 
(jiā)
vadN praiseworthy; fine; distinguished
 
(míng)
n name (of a person or thing)
名余曰正則兮,
 
 
(míng)
vttoN1.+vtoN2 call (someone)(by a name) 名...曰; 名他為兄
 
(yú)
npro.postVt OBI: me (personally, normally not physically)
 
(yuē)
vt+N copula be; be called; of texts: run as follows
字余曰靈均。
 
 
(zì)
vtoN1.+VtoN2 give an adult name; give a given name
 
(yú)
npro.postVt OBI: me (personally, normally not physically)
紛吾既有此內美兮,
 
 
(fēn)
vadS in abundance, abundantly
 
(jì)
vt[0]+V[0].adS both (... and) 既...又
 
(yǒu)
vtoN figurative be characterised by an abstract feature
 
(nèi)
vadN figurative inner, inward (as opposed to outer, outward, merely external and physical)
 
美/媄/媺 (měi)
nab aesthetic abstract non-physical beauty
又重之以脩能。
 
 
脩/修 (xiū)
vadN fair, refined, cultivared, CC 修德 "refined, fair virtue"
扈江離與辟芷兮,
 
 
(hù)
vtoN cover oneself in, dress up with
紉秋蘭以為佩。
 
 
(rèn)
vtoN twist into a rope-like object, or garland; thread (a needle)
 
(pèi)
n object what is worn on the belt; pendant worn on the belt SHI: 青青子佩 "all green are your (jade) ornaments worn on the belt"
汩余若將不及兮,
 
 
(yú)
npro{SUBJ}+V{PRED} I (particularly from Warring States onwards: "I personally" rarely physically: "I purely physically (was injured etc) )
恐年歲之不吾與。
 
 
(kǒng)
vtoNPab{S} be afraid that S
 
年歲 (nián suì)
 
吾/䱷 (wú)
npro me 不吾反也
 
(yǔ)
vtoN be in the company of, keep company with, come along together with; be part of (a company)
朝搴阰之木蘭兮,
 
 
(cháo)
nadV in court style
 
()
vtoN seize, grasp (a flag or banner etc), gather; pluck up
 
(pí)
n hillside
 
木蘭 (mù lán)
NP aromatic plant: angelica
夕攬洲之宿莽。
 
 
(xī)
nadV time at dusk; in the evening
 
(zhōu)
n rare and poetic: very large island in a river; island
日月忽其不淹兮,
 
 
日月 (rì yuè)
 
(hū)
vi come on fast, be sudden
春與秋其代序。
 
 
(yǔ)
vtoN1.postN2:+V and 吾與汝俱不如也
 
代序 (dài xù)
VPi replace one another
惟草木之零落兮,
 
 
(wéi)
vtoNPab{S} think of S being the case
恐美人之遲暮。
 
不撫壯而棄穢兮,
 
 
(huì)
v[adN] nonreferential the morally defiled
何不改此度?
 
 
(gǎi)
vt+prep+N try to make improvements to
 
(dù)
nab concept standard method; objective standard or measure by which to judge things; standard rule (e.g. on clothing to be worn)
乘騏驥以馳騁兮,
 
 
騏驥 (qí jì)
nn excellent horse
 
馳騁 (chí chěng)
VPi act gallop along, race along
來吾道夫先路。
 
 
導/導道 (dǎo)
vtt(oN1.)+N2 object=route lead someone contextually determinate along (a way)
 
來/徠 (lái)
vt[0](oN) Exclamatory, slightly transferred sense: come to a contextually determinate place (i.e. the place where the speaker currently is)!> come along!
 
昔三后之純粹兮,
 
 
(xī)
nadSS before; in the past year(s)
 
三后 (sān hòu)
NP plural the rulers of the Three Dynasties, the Three Sovereigns
 
純粹 (chún cuì)
VPi figurative pure, immaculate
固眾芳之所在。
 
 
(gù)
vadV surely, doubtlessly; certainly; inherently
雜申椒與菌桂兮,
 
 
(zá)
vtoN causative cause to get mixed up> mix up, bring together : 故先王以土与金木水火,以成百物
 
申椒 (shēn jiāo)
NP aromatic plant in CC, unidentified
 
菌桂 (jùn guì)
NP aromatic plant in CC, unidentified.
豈維紉夫蕙茝?
 
 
(chén)
n PULLEBLANK: kind of iris
 
(rèn)
vtoN twist into a rope-like object, or garland; thread (a needle)
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