1 上古天真論篇第一
 
1.1昔在黃帝,
 
 
(xī)
nadSS before; in the past year(s)
生而神靈,
 
弱而能言,
 
 
(ruò)
vi be an infant; be young, be of an age where one is still very much dependent on others; be too young
幼而徇齊,
 
 
徇齊 (xùn qí)
VPi be endowed with superior comprehensive intellectual facultaties and talent
長而敦敏,
 
 
(dūn)
vi earnest, fervent
成而登天。
 
 
登天 (dēng tiān)
VPi change become emperor
 
(dēng)
vtoN climb up, go up; also by flying: 豋天 "rise to Heaven".
迺問於天師曰:
 
 
乃/迺 (nǎi)
padS1.post-S2 temporal and thereupon, and then accordingly; then without delay;Then accordingly (often after a direct speech)
 
(wèn)
vt+prep+N.adV 問於N曰 ZHUANG 問乎N曰
 
天師 (tiān shī)
NP title the Celestial Master
余聞
 
 
(yú)
npro{SUBJ}+V{PRED} I (particularly from Warring States onwards: "I personally" rarely physically: "I purely physically (was injured etc) )
上古之人,
 
 
(shàng)
vadN high 上古 "high antiquity" 上世 [note the connotation of elevated significance of high antiquity]
 
上古 (shàng gǔ)
NPadN of high antiquity
春秋皆度百歲,
 
 
渡/度 (dù)
vtoN N=time pass through (some number of years etc)
 
春秋 (chūn qiū)
NP{N1&N2} years of age (and of activity) 富春秋 "still young"
而動作不衰;
 
 
動作/動作/動作 (dòng zuò)
NPab{N1=N2} act generally: actions, initiatives; activities
 
(shuāi)
vi change get weaker, decay, decline
今時之人,
 
 
今時 (jīn shí)
NPadS time present time> at present time; now
 
(jīn)
nadN OBI: present, contemporary; in the present sequence of days/months
年半百
 
 
(nián)
nab(post-N) the contextually determinate N's age; the number of years one lives, the time-span one has lived or will live 盡其天年
而動作皆衰者,
 
 
動作/動作/動作 (dòng zuò)
NPab{N1=N2} act generally: actions, initiatives; activities
時世異耶,
 
 
(shí)
nadN of the time
 
(shí)
nadN of the time, of the period; contemporary
 
時世 (shí shì)
NP the times (as changing in character)
 
(yì)
vi stand out; be different from the ordinary, extraordinary, exceptional, phenomenal
人將失之耶。
 
歧伯對曰:
 
上古之人,
 
其知道者,
 
 
(zhī)
vtoN understand properly; understand and respect properly; be sure of the workings (of something);
法於陰陽,
 
 
(fǎ)
vt+prep+N take one's model from> emulate
和於術數,
 
 
(hé)
vt+prep+N be in continuous harmony through or with
 
術數 (shù shù)
NPab method advanced practical methods (of any kind); systematic technique; methodology(!)
食飲有節,
 
 
食飲 (shí yǐn)
NPab act nutrition, eating and drinking
 
(jié)
nab method moderation
起居有常,
 
 
起居 (qǐ jū)
NPab act activity and inactivity> deportment, behaviour, comportment; one's well-being
 
(cháng)
nab method constant norm; highest norm; routine; constancy in attitude
不妄作勞,
 
 
(wàng)
vadV arbitrarily, wildly; without authorisation
 
作勞 (zuò láo)
VPi act engage in tiring activities
故能形與神俱,
 
 
(xíng)
n[post-N] body; physical appearance (mostly n(post-N))
 
(shén)
nab(post-N) spirit soul; the spirits (as distinct from the mind 心 and opposed to the body 形)
 
(jū)
vtoN be together with
而盡終其天年,
 
度百歲乃去。
 
 
渡/度 (dù)
vtoN N=time pass through (some number of years etc)
 
(qù)
vi act depart from this world
今時之人不然也,
 
 
今時 (jīn shí)
NPadS time present time> at present time; now
以酒為漿,
 
 
漿 (jiāng)
nm congee, xīfàn 稀飯; water in which rice has been boiled
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