中說卷第一
 
文中子曰:
 
甚矣!
 
 
(shèn)
vi[0]+S it is excessive/terrific how S
王道難行也。
 
 
(nán)
vt+V[0]{PASS} be hard to be V-ed
 
(xíng)
vtoN passive be implemented; be acted on; be put into practice (ant. 廢 "be abandoned")
吾家頃銅川六世矣,
 
 
(qǐng)
nadV.postN{SUBJ} in times past (also: for generations????)
 
(shì)
npost-V{NUM} generation
 
(shì)
ncpost-V1{NUM}:postadV2 for generations 數世
未嘗不篤於斯,
 
 
(dǔ)
vt+prep+N be earnest with respect to; make an earnest effort in relation to
然亦未嘗得宣其用,
 
 
(rán)
vadS1.post-S2 this being so> however; but
 
(wèi)
VPadV never; (henceforward/thenceforward) never
 
(dé)
vt+V[0] manage to; get to perform an act, get to; have had a chance to
 
(xuān)
vtoNab{S} encourage the action Nab
退而鹹有述焉,
 
 
(xián)
padV reference=subject all, each of the subjects
 
退 (tuì)
vt(oN) withdraw from the contextually determinate thing (e.g. public life)
 
(yǒu)
vt+V[0] V=object of V =有所 have something which one Vs
 
(shù)
vtoN LY: transmit (a tradition), aiming for deep understanding; SJ, preface: make a coherent account of something for a better understanding
則以誌其道也。
 
 
(zhì)
vtoN aspire towards
蓋先生之述,
 
 
(gài)
padS semantically weak marker of a new beginning within a given non-narrative abstract discourse, often a tentative summarising remark
 
先生 (xiān shēng)
NP[post-N] [my] ancestor
 
(shù)
nab object transmission
曰《時變論》六篇,
 
其言化俗推移之理竭矣。
 
 
(huà)
vtoN exert a significant influence on; bring about a transformation; to change profoundly and essentially into something which is active or living, but substantially different; to make comply
 
(sú)
nab act current local custom; temporary habit
 
推移 (tuī yí)
NPab act changing along with times
 
(lǐ)
nab metaphysical pattern of things, natural principle; Principle; reasonable principle, reason
 
(jié)
vtoN middle voice get properly investigated
 
江州府君之述,
 
曰《五經決錄》五篇,
 
其言聖賢制述之意備矣。
 
晉陽穆公之述,
 
曰《政大論》八篇,
 
其言帝王之道著矣。
 
同州府君之述,
 
曰《政小論》八篇,
 
其言王霸之業盡矣。
 
安康獻公之述,
 
曰《皇極讜義》九篇,
 
其言三才之去就深矣。
 
 
銅川府君之述,
 
曰《興衰要論》七篇,
 
其言六代之得失明矣。
 
余小子獲睹成訓,
 
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