1 學行卷第一
 
學行之,上也;
 
 
(xué)
nab act the attempt to learn about things (typically from a teacher) study; the pursuit of intellectual/moral self-development; learning
 
(shàng)
vi be best
言之,次也;
 
 
(cì)
n subject that which is the next best
 
(cì)
vi be inferior; be the next best
教人,又其次也;
 
 
(cì)
n subject that which is the next best
咸無焉,為眾人。
 
 
(xián)
padV reference=subject all, each of the subjects
 
(xián)
pad.VtoN reference=object all the objects
 
眾人/衆人 (zhòng rén)
NP figurative intellectually ordinary people (who may be of considerable social status); the hoi polloi; a vulgar uneducated person (not necessarily plural!)
 
或曰:
 
「人羨久生,
 
 
()
vtoN poetic and rare: be fond and and at the same time perhaps envious of, crave something impossible to achieve
 
()
vt+V[0] desire to V
 
(jiǔ)
vadV for a long time; permanently; in the long run (often postposed); after a long time; in the long term
 
(shēng)
vi continuous be alive; remain alive
將以學也;
 
 
將以 (jiāng yǐ)
VPt V[0].postadV in order to
可謂好學已乎?」
 
 
好學 (hào xué)
NPab feature love for intellectual/moral self-cultivation/study
 
好學 (hào xué)
VPi graded eager to study 孰為好學
曰:
 
「未之好也,
 
學不羨。」
 
天之道不在仲尼乎?
 
 
在/才 (zài)
vtoN abstract (abstractly:) be present in (a person); consist in; belong to; reside in
仲尼、駕說者也,
 
不在茲儒乎?
 
如將復駕其所說,
 
則莫若使諸儒金口而木舌。
 
 
莫若 (mò ruò)
VPt[0]oN (of things) nothing comes up to> the best thing is to
 
金口而木舌 (jīn kǒu ér mù shé shé)
VP[adN] N=bell [bell] with metal outer ring and wooden clapper
 
(jīn)
nmadN made of metal; mostly: made of bronze
 
(mù)
nmadN made of timber 木雞
 
()
n figurative clapper (to beat bronze bells with)
 
或曰:
 
 
(yuē)
vtoS go on to say (i.e. ask); say (in the form of a question) in the process of a conversation
「學無益也,
 
 
(xué)
nab act the attempt to learn about things (typically from a teacher) study; the pursuit of intellectual/moral self-development; learning
 
(yì)
nab factual benefit, advantage (as opposed to harm) 何益? What is the benefit?" or "whom does this benefit?"
如質何?」
 
 
(zhì)
nab metaphysical the very substance; substantial facts; real substance versus mere superficious embellishments or accomplishments
曰:
 
「未之思矣。
 
夫有刀者礲諸,
 
 
(lóng)
vt(oN) grind the contextually determinate N
有玉者錯諸,
 
不礲不錯,
 
焉攸用?
 
 
(yōu)
npro{OBJ}+Vt object pre-classical pronoun, here in the function similar to the classic 所
礲而錯諸,
 
質在其中矣。
 
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