1 內篇諫上
 
1.1《莊公矜勇力不顧行晏子諫》
 
 
(xíng)
nab act read xìng: conduct; demeanour, behaviour
莊公奮乎勇力,
 
 
(gōng)
npost=Npr Duke (as in 太公 "Duke Tai" as opposed to 周公 "the duke of Zhou".
 
(fèn)
vt prep N brag, boast about
 
勇力 (yǒng lì)
NPab psych courage of one's convictions; moral strength
不顧于行。
 
 
(gù)
vt+prep+N figurative turn one's attention to; pay proper attention to, take cognizance of, take note of; concentrate on (at the expense of other things); be concerned for, worry about 不顧
 
(xíng)
nab act read xìng: proper conduct, moral behaviour; ideal of behaviour; proper conduct
尚勇力之士,
 
 
勇力 (yǒng lì)
NPadN brave and strong> formidable
 
(shì)
n person belonging to the official class, freeman; official; officer
無忌于國,
 
 
無/毋/亡/无 (wú)
vtoN lack, be without; make do without; imply no (harm or loss); lack the support of (subordinates)
 
(jì)
nab social taboo
 
(yú)
 
(guó)
n[post-N] definite the state, [one's] country (as
貴戚不薦善,
 
逼邇不引過,
 
故晏子見公。
 
 
(gù)
nadS1.postS2 subjective reason therefore, consequently
 
(jiàn)
vtoN pay a visit to (often to a superior), have an audience with; gain an audience with;
 
(gōng)
n(post-N) duke of the contextually determinate N; ruler (of any rank) of N
公曰:
 
「古者亦有徒以勇力立于世者乎?」
 
 
古者 (gǔ zhě)
NPadS in ancient times
 
(tú)
padV restrictive only; just; merely (negated as 非徒 rarely 不徒)
 
(yǐ)
vt Nab.adV e.g. 以誹死 "die because of slander" to V because of Nab
 
勇力 (yǒng lì)
NPab psych courage of one's convictions; moral strength
 
(lì)
vi act get properly established and succeed in one's career
 
(lì)
vt+prep+N N=place get well-established in the place N
 
(yú)
 
(shì)
n 舉世皆濁 this vulgar world; the world one lives in, this world; Rousseau: le monde; this world versus the other worlds entered by the immortals
 
(hū)
ppostadS question final question particle after verbal sentence 管仲儉乎?"Was Guǎnzhòng stingy?"
晏子對曰:
 
 
對曰 (duì yuē)
VPtoS quotation answer politely
「嬰聞之,
 
 
(wén)
vto.npro=S have heard it from authoritative sources 聞之S
 
(zhī)
npro cataphoric cataphoric: the following object, the object identified further down in the context
輕死以行禮謂之勇,
 
 
輕/輕 (qìng)
vtoN attitudinal treat as unimportant
 
(sǐ)
nab event death, also abstract: the fact of dying; mode of dying
 
(sǐ)
nab(post-N) process one's death
 
(yǐ)
vt+V1.postadV2 e.g. 君子學以致其道 "the true gentleman studies in order to reach the Way": intending thereby to, in order to; in order to; so that one can
 
(xíng)
vtoN positive enact; implement as an official; carry out as a morally responsible agent; put into practice, practise, carry out; operate according to; implement (a law) and apply it to
 
(wèi)
vtt[0]oN1.+N2 謂之“仁人” one calls (N1) properly by (a name N2) 
 
(wèi)
vtt[0]oNpro. N:postNab{S}{SUBJECT} (if one behaves so and so) one calls it N 不問而告謂之傲
 
(zhī)
npro.postVt anaphoric referring to an aforementioned object: him, her, it
誅暴不避彊謂之力。
 
 
(zhū)
vtoN condemn to death; have executed
 
(bào)
v[adN] N=hum violent persons
 
避/辟 (bì)
vtoN stay clear of; keep away from, get out of the way of, keep out of the way of; ZZ 37: (decide to) keep away from (high and low places); flinch before (an enemy); bypass and fail to consider (a candidate);
 
(qiáng)
v[adN] N=human the powerful ones
 
(wèi)
vtt[0]oN1.+N2 謂之“仁人” one calls (N1) properly by (a name N2) 
 
(zhī)
npro.postVt anaphoric referring to an aforementioned object: him, her, it
故勇力之立也,
 
 
(gù)
nadS1.postS2 objective reason the result is; consequently
 
勇力 (yǒng lì)
NP[adN] the brave and strong
 
(lì)
nab act the becoming well-established, successful establishment of a career
以行其禮義也。
 
 
(xíng)
vtoN positive enact; implement as an official; carry out as a morally responsible agent; put into practice, practise, carry out; operate according to; implement (a law) and apply it to
 
(lǐ)
nab concept ritual propriety, the rules and principles of ritual propriety; the demands of ritual
 
(yì)
nab act what is right, that which it is proper to do; duty
湯武用兵而不為逆,
 
 
(yòng)
vtoN deploy, put to use
 
(bīng)
nm troops, armed forces; military support; military force
 
(wéi)
vt+V[0] copula be definable as, count as V-ing
 
(nì)
vt[oN] become disobedient, revolt
并國而不為貪,
 
 
(bìng)
vtoN bring equally under one's control; annex; add to what one has;
 
(guó)
n nonreferential (in general:) the state
 
(wéi)
vt+V[0] copula be definable as, count as V-ing
 
(tān)
vi be greedy
仁義之理也。
 
 
(rén)
nab act humaneness, kind empathy; kindliness, kind-heartedness; benevolence, Goodness as a moral value
 
(yì)
nab act what is right, that which it is proper to do; duty
 
(lǐ)
nab metaphysical pattern of things, natural principle; Principle; reasonable principle, reason
誅暴不避彊,
 
 
(zhū)
vtoN condemn to death; have executed
 
(bào)
v[adN] N=hum violent persons
 
避/辟 (bì)
vtoN stay clear of; keep away from, get out of the way of, keep out of the way of; ZZ 37: (decide to) keep away from (high and low places); flinch before (an enemy); bypass and fail to consider (a candidate);
 
(qiáng)
v[adN] N=human the powerful ones
替罪不避眾,
 
 
(zuì)
nab act criminal offence, deliberate illegal act; punishable crime; grave fault
 
(bì)
vtoN try to escape from, try to flee from, run away from
 
(zhòng)
n nonreferential a crowd; the masses; the multitides; the population (as something quantifiable)
勇力之行也。
 
 
勇力 (yǒng lì)
NP[adN] the brave and strong
 
(xíng)
nab act read xìng: proper conduct, moral behaviour; ideal of behaviour; proper conduct
古之為勇力者,
 
 
(gǔ)
 
(wéi)
vt+V[0] copula be definable as, count as V-ing
 
勇力 (yǒng lì)
VPi be brave and strong
行禮義也;
 
 
(xíng)
vtoN positive enact; implement as an official; carry out as a morally responsible agent; put into practice, practise, carry out; operate according to; implement (a law) and apply it to
 
(lǐ)
nab act descriptive: ritual practices, rituals; ritual; the ceremonies
 
(yì)
nab act what is right, that which it is proper to do; duty
今上無仁義之理,
 
 
(jīn)
nadS narrative these days, nowadays 今也; now
 
(shàng)
n nonreferential the leadership, the authorities; one's ruler, the ruler; superiors; persons in high position
 
無/毋/亡/无 (wú)
vtoN lack the N one needs
 
(rén)
nab moral the psychological attitude of kindliness, the psychological principle of kind-heartedness
 
(yì)
nab feature moral justification, moral correctness; the justice of one's ways
 
(lǐ)
nab metaphysical proper principle, reasonable principle
下無替罪誅暴之行,
 
 
(xià)
n[adN](.post-N) inferiors
 
(zuì)
nab act criminal offence, deliberate illegal act; punishable crime; grave fault
 
(zhū)
vtoN condemn to death; have executed
 
(bào)
v[adN] N=hum violent persons
 
(xíng)
nab act read xìng: proper conduct, moral behaviour; ideal of behaviour; proper conduct
而徒以勇力立于世,
 
 
(tú)
padV restrictive only; just; merely (negated as 非徒 rarely 不徒)
 
(yǐ)
vt0oS1.adS2 以有功見疑,"was held in suspicion because he had achievements": objective reason: because of S1 S2 occurred/will occur/occurs
 
勇力 (yǒng lì)
NPab psych courage of one's convictions; moral strength
 
(lì)
vi middle voice be administratively established in one's rank
 
(yú)
 
(shì)
n 舉世皆濁 this vulgar world; the world one lives in, this world; Rousseau: le monde; this world versus the other worlds entered by the immortals
則諸侯行之以國危,
 
 
諸侯 (zhū hóu)
NP nonreferential the feudal lords
 
(xíng)
vtoN undertake, implement; enact, put into practice
 
(zhī)
npro.postVt anaphoric referring to an aforementioned object: him, her, it
 
(guó)
n(post-N) the state of a contextually determinate person (many examples need to be moved here)
 
(wēi)
vi be in a precarious state; be fraught with danger, be doomed to imminent disaster; be endangered; to risk danger
匹夫行之以家殘。
 
 
匹夫 (pǐ fū)
NP indefinite an ordinary person
 
(xíng)
vtoN undertake, implement; enact, put into practice
 
(zhī)
npro.postVt anaphoric referring to an aforementioned object: him, her, it
 
(yǐ)
vt(oN.)adV using this contextually determinate method> and thus, and in this way
 
(jiā)
nab social clan, household
 
(jiā)
nab(post-N) clan, household
 
(cán)
vtoN passive be destroyed
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