1 周語
 
1.1《祭公諫穆王征犬戎》
 
 
穆王將征犬戎,
 
 
(zhēng)
vtoN launch a punitive military campaign against; chastise, go on a punitive expedition against
 
犬戎 (quǎn róng)
NP plural The Quǎn barbarians
祭公謀父諫曰:
 
「不可。
 
先王耀德不觀兵。
 
 
先王 (xiān wáng)
NP definite the former kings; one series: 堯舜禹湯文武孝己
夫兵戢而時動,
 
動則威,
 
觀則玩,
 
玩則無震。
 
是故周文公之《頌》曰:
 
 
(sòng)
npr the sòng "Praise" part of the Book of Songs
『載戢干戈,
 
載櫜弓矢。
 
我求懿德,
 
肆于時夏,
 
允王保之。』
 
先王之於民也,
 
懋正其德而厚其性,
 
阜其財求而利其器用,
 
明利害之鄉,
 
以文修之,
 
使務利而避害,
 
懷德而畏威,
 
故能保世以滋大。
 
 
「昔我先王世后稷,
 
以服事虞、
 
夏。及夏之衰也,
 
棄稷不務,
 
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