天地神明章第一
 
 
昔在至理,
 
 
昔在 (xī zài)
VPadS Formerly
 
至理 (zhì lǐ)
VPi0 there was principled government
上下一德,
 
 
(shàng)
v[adN] N=hum superior
 
(yī)
vadN the same, a certain; the very same 一孝
 
(dé)
nab.post-V{NUM} psych particular countable virtue
以徵天休,
 
 
(zhēng)
vtoN obtain
 
天休 (tiān xiū)
NPab blessing from heaven
 
(xiū)
n blessings (from Heaven) 天休(庥)
忠之道也。
 
鄭玄註:
 
忠之為道,
 
 
為道 (wéi dào)
NPab{vt+N} metaphysical essential dynamic nature (of a thing), natural tendency
乃合於天。
 
 
(hé)
vt+prep+N stative come to conform to, conform to; be in accordance with; be in conformity with
至理之時,
 
 
至理 (zhì lǐ)
NPab stative good government; perfect government
君臣同德,
 
 
(tóng)
vtoN relational be the same with respect to
則休氣應也。
 
 
(xiū)
n blessings (from Heaven) 天休(庥)
 
(qì)
nab.post-N cosmic force of N
 
(yìng)
vt(oN) react to the contextually determinate object
 
天之所覆,
 
 
(fù)
vtoN cover in order to protect what is covered, or sometimes to hide discreetly
地之所載,
 
 
(zài)
vtoN support; bear, bear up under
人之所履,
 
 
(lǚ)
vtoN walk on, use as one's walking surface tread on; step on (so as to hold down)
莫大乎忠。
 
 
(mò)
npro+V(.postN{TOP}) subject nothing within the range of the TOPIC; no one within the range indicated by the TOPIC
 
(dà)
vt+prep+N graded be more important (than something)
鄭玄註:
 
覆載之間,
 
人倫之要,
 
 
人倫 (rén lún)
NPab social principles underlying human relations and moral behaviour; proper human relations; standards of proper human conduct
 
人倫 (rén lún)
NPab social principles underlying human relations and moral behaviour; proper human relations; standards of proper human conduct
 
(yào)
nab.post-N the most important point(s) in N
履之則吉,
 
 
(lǚ)
vtoN figurative act according to
 
(jí)
vi be auspicious; be lucky; bode well
 
(jí)
vi0 there will be good fortune
違之則凶,
 
 
(wéi)
vtoN contravene, flout; be disobedient to; ZUO Xi 23: offend against (Heaven, one's husband etc.); go against (the agricultural seasons); disobey (an order) very occasionally used nominally: error
無有大於忠者。
 
 
無有 (wú yǒu)
VPtoN stative lack
 
(dà)
vt+prep+N graded be more important (than something)
 
忠者、中也,
 
至公無私。
 
 
(zhì)
vadV extremely; to the highest degree; be the most (marker of superlative)
 
(zhì)
vadV extremely; to the highest degree; be the most (marker of superlative)
 
(gōng)
vi be public-spirited; be even-handed
鄭玄註:
 
不正其心,
 
 
(zhèng)
vtoN control and keep straight order in, keep in proper shape; get into proper shape
而私於事,
 
則與忠反也。
 
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