1 隱公
 
1.1《隱公元年》
 
 
1.1.1元年春王正月。雖無事,
 
 
(suī)
 
(shì)
nab event affair; (historical) event, historical episode (e.g. a battle); particularly: noteworthy event. Often: noteworty sacrificial event
必舉正月,
 
 
(bì)
vadV always; invariably
 
(jǔ)
vtoN note down; bring up, mention; specify
 
(zhèng)
vadN read zhe1ng: first (of month)
謹始也。
 
 
(jǐn)
vtoN psych pay diligent attention to, pay close attention to; be carefully attentive to
 
(shǐ)
nab metaphysical beginning, the initial state as a dynamic state motivating what happens after that beginning; proper beginning; original cause, Greek: archē;
公何以不言即位?
 
 
(gōng)
n definite ruler - not necessarily of the status of a Duke
 
何以 (hé yǐ)
VPadV for what purpose? why?
 
(bù)
vt+V[0] not
 
(yán)
vtoS quotation (rarely with indirect speech or quasi indirect speech) say S; say that S
 
(jí)
vtoN accede to, move (up) into, ascend (throne)
 
(wèi)
nab social high official rank; position of power; specifically: ruler's position
成公志也。
 
 
(chéng)
vtoN practise successfully; to bring to completion; to bring to a successful conclusion; to accomplish; give its full form to; to make complete and perfect
 
(gōng)
n definite ruler - not necessarily of the status of a Duke
 
(zhì)
nab psych intention; attention with respect to future action; wishes
 
(yě)
ppostadS be a matter of S, depend on S, be because of S
焉成之?
 
 
(yān)
padV wherefrom from where
 
(yān)
padV non-rhetorical how?(followed by subjectless sentence in the form of a verb phrase:)
 
(chéng)
vtoN practise successfully; to bring to completion; to bring to a successful conclusion; to accomplish; give its full form to; to make complete and perfect
 
(zhī)
npro.postVt anaphoric referring to an aforementioned object: him, her, it
言君之不取為公也。
 
 
(yán)
vtoNPab{S} figurative declare (non-orally) that S
 
(jūn)
nt definite the ruler (of a state)
 
(zhī)
npro.postadN:adNab 老之將至 "the coming arrival of old age" nominaliser converting a sentence with a verbal predicate into an abstract nominalisation
 
(bù)
vt+V[0] not
 
(qǔ)
vt+V[0] choose to V, opt for (doing something); prefer to V
 
(wéi)
vtoN act fulfill the function of (occasionally also: pretend to be), impersonate,
 
(gōng)
n definite ruler - not necessarily of the status of a Duke
君之不取為公
 
 
(jūn)
nt definite the ruler (of a state)
 
(zhī)
npro.postadN:adNab 老之將至 "the coming arrival of old age" nominaliser converting a sentence with a verbal predicate into an abstract nominalisation
 
(bù)
vt+V[0] not
 
(qǔ)
vt+V[0] choose to V, opt for (doing something); prefer to V
 
(wéi)
vtoN act fulfill the function of (occasionally also: pretend to be), impersonate,
 
(gōng)
n definite ruler - not necessarily of the status of a Duke
何也?
 
 
(hé)
npro.postS question why is it the case that S?; why is it so?, what is the reason of it?......,何也?
 
(yě)
ppostadS alternative marker of second of two alternative judgmental questions
將以讓桓也。
 
讓桓正乎?
 
 
(ràng)
vtoN yield politely to, make room for; give precedence to; resign in favour of [REMOVE THE CASES OF 讓於 IN THIS GROUP OF EXAMPLES TO VTPREP]
 
(zhèng)
vi be morally upright and correct; be legally correct and exact
 
(hū)
ppostadS question final question particle after verbal sentence 管仲儉乎?"Was Guǎnzhòng stingy?"
 
 
(yuē)
vt(0)oS one says; you say; it is said, as in 故曰 "thus it is said", German: "Daher heisst es..." cf. MO 於《武觀》曰:"In the Wǔguān IT says..." 於《仲虺之告》曰: 於先王之書《仲虺之告》曰:
不正。
 
 
(zhèng)
vi be morally upright and correct; be legally correct and exact
《春秋》成人之美,
 
 
春秋 (chūn qiū)
NPpr Annals; often specifically: the Annals attributed to Confucius
 
(chéng)
vtoN give full expression to
 
(rén)
n nonreferential people generally; mankind
 
(měi)
nab feature excellent points, good points (of a person), wonderful features
不成人之惡。
 
 
(bù)
vt+V[0] not
 
(chéng)
vtoN give full expression to
 
(rén)
n nonreferential people generally; mankind
 
(zhī)
npropostN1.adN2 genitive N2=attachment to N1: 子之志 "your aspiration" the N2 that belongs to or is attached to N1
 
(è)
nab feature bad image; bad points, dishonourable points 三惡
隱不正而成之,
 
 
(bù)
vt+V[0] not
 
(zhèng)
vi be morally upright and correct; be legally correct and exact
 
(ér)
 
(chéng)
vtoN give full expression to
 
(zhī)
npro.postVt anaphoric referring to an aforementioned object: him, her, it
何也?
 
 
(hé)
npro.postS question why is it the case that S?; why is it so?, what is the reason of it?......,何也?
 
(yě)
ppostadS alternative marker of second of two alternative judgmental questions
將以惡桓也。
 
 
(jiāng)
vt+V[0] will V; is willing to V; have the intention to
 
(yǐ)
vt(oN.)adVt e.g. 以告(君)"reported the matter (to the ruler) object marker: 把它
其惡桓
 
何也?
 
隱將讓而桓弒之,
 
則桓惡矣。
 
桓弒而隱讓,
 
則隱善矣。
 
善則其不正焉
 
何也?
 
《春秋》貴義而不貴惠,
 
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