SHAMAN  巫師

ADULT HUMAN whose WORK is to COMMUNICATE with DEITIES so as to SERVE OTHER HUMANS. 
PRIESTWIZZARDSORCERERCLERICCHURCHMANCHURCHWOMANMAN/WOMAN OF THE CLOTHMAN/WOMAN OF GODECCLESIASTICPRIESTMINISTERPASTORPREACHERCHAPLAINFATHERBISHOPRECTORPARSONVICARCURATEDEACONDEACONESSMONKNUNRELIGIOUSFRIARSISTERBROTHERINFORMAL REVERENDPADRESKY PILOTBIBLE THUMPERDATED DIVINEMEDICINE MAN/WOMANHEALERKAHUNA
Hypernym

ADULTHUMAN who is SUFFICIENTLY OLD to ESTABLISH his/her SEPARATE HOME. -> HUMANANIMAL which HAS TWO LEGS AND LACKS FEATHERS. -> ANIMALCREATURE ABLE to FEEL AND MOVE. -> CREATURELIVING THING. -> THINGCONCRETE OBJECT. -> OBJECT[NO HYPERNYM.] WHAT one CAN NAME:refer to. -> PRIME -> N/A

See also

MAGICSUPERNATURAL SKILL.

Hyponym
Old Chinese Criteria

1. The general word for a shaman is wū 巫, and although this word was perceived to refer specifically to female shamans.

2. Xí 覡 is a rare word which seems to have been limited to male shamans in pre-Han times but came to be used generally for shamanes female and male alike, in post-Han times.

3. Zhù 祝 refers to the impersonator of the dead ancestor on sacrificial occasions: these are not really shamans, but they temporarily perform the roles of a shaman representing the dead or communicating with them.

黄金貴:古漢語同義詞辨釋詞典

HUANG JINGUI 2006

SACRIFICE 24. 巫是以工具來表示可通天地四方之人,即巫師。商代的巫,職權大,地位高,春秋戰國時巫已轉入民間,且出現祝、卜、史等的內部分工。

巫,男女巫師的通稱,與覡相對時,特指女巫。

覡,男巫。

祝,祭祀時司禮之人即男巫,強調用言語與鬼神溝通。

靈,楚方言詞,指巫師。

醫,借神靈之力為人治病的人。

史,擔任星曆、卜筮及記事人員,記史并兼管星曆卜筮和作祝辭等。

卜,從事卜筮的人,長官稱大卜。

GY: 如是則明神降之〔六〕,在男曰覡,在女曰巫〔七〕。

Modern Chinese Criteria

巫師

巫神

神巫

師公

瞧香的

女巫

巫婆

師婆

神婆

仙姑

關亡婆

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

  • Novyj objasnitel'nyj Slovar' Sinonimov Russkogo Jazyka ( APRESJAN 2004) p. 131

  • A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages ( BUCK 1988) p. 22.18

  • Anthologia sive Florilegium rerum et materiarum selectarum ( LANGIUS 1631) p.

    SACERDOS

  • Lateinische Synonymik ( MENGE) p. 225

  • Dictionnaire culturel en langue francaise ( REY 2005) p. 3.2066

  • Dictionnaire culturel en langue francaise ( REY 2005) p. 4.903

  • 王力古漢語字典 ( WANG LI 2000) p. 1248

  • Encyclopedia of Social and Cultural Anthropology ( BARNARD AND SPENCER 2002) p.

  • Realencyklopädie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft ( PAULY 1894-1973) p. 2.2314

    AUGURES

  • Handbook of Greek Synonymes, from the French of M. Alex. Pillon, Librarian of the Bibliothèque Royale , at Paris, and one of the editors of the new edition of Plaché's Dictionnaire Grec-Français, edited, with notes, by the Rev. Thomas Kerchever Arnold, M.A. Rector of Lyndon, and late fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge ( PILLON 1850) p. no.267

  • 古漢語常用詞同義詞詞典 ( HONG CHENGYU 2009) p. 42

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • v[adN] : 35
  • n : 22
  • n+Npr : 7
  • NP : 3
  • nab : 1

Attributions by text

  • 禮記 : 31
  • 史記 : 11
  • 新論-漢-桓譚 : 4
  • 莊子 : 4
  • 淮南子 : 3
  • 論衡 : 3
  • 毛詩 : 3
  • 楚辭 : 2
  • 呂氏春秋 : 2
  • 荀子 : 1
  • 祖堂集 : 1
  • 尚書 : 1
  • 管子 : 1
  • 孟子 : 1

Words

   zhù OC: tjuɡ MC: tɕuk 37 Attributions

Zhù 祝 refers to the impersonator of the dead ancestor on sacrificial occasions: these are not really shamans, but they temporarily perform the roles of a shaman representing the dead or communicating with them.

  • n+Nprtitleshaman X
  • v[adN]invocator, impersonator of the dead ancestor at prayer; person in charge of ancestral prayers; prayer-master
  • nnonreferentialshaman; impersonator of the dead
  • ndefinitethe impersonator of the dead at sacrifices
   wū OC: ma MC: mi̯o 26 Attributions

The general word for a shaman is wū 巫, and although this word was perceived to refer specifically to female shamans.

  • n+NprtitleShaman 巫咸
  • nshamaness; (but note GUAN 女巫 ); generally: shaman; exorcist GY: 如是則明神降之〔六〕,在男曰覡,在女曰巫〔七〕。
  • nabactshamanistic practices, shamanism
巫祝   wū zhù OC: ma tjuɡ MC: mi̯o tɕuk 2 Attributions
  • NPnonreferentialshaman of any kind
   gǔ OC: kaaʔ MC: kuo̝ 1 Attribution
  • v[adN]obnoxious bewitcher, person with an obnoxious influence; witch
   xí OC: ɡeeɡ MC: ɦek 1 Attribution

Xí 覡 is a rare word which seems to have been limited to male shamans in pre-Han times but came to be used generally for shamanes female and male alike, in post-Han times.

  • nmale shaman; post-Han: male or female shaman GY: 如是則明神降之〔六〕,在男曰覡,在女曰巫〔七〕。
尸祝   shī zhù OC: qhlji tjuɡ MC: ɕi tɕuk 1 Attribution
  • NPthe impersonator of the dead
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • NPplural(often) female local religious leaders
祝巫   zhù wū wǔ MC: tsyuwk mju OC: tjuɡ ma 0 Attributions
  • NPplural(often) female local religious leaders

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: