MATE  配偶

ADULT with whom one COPULATES.
LOVERBOYFRIENDGIRLFRIENDBELOVEDLOVEDARLINGSWEETHEARTINAMORATAINAMORATOMISTRESSPARTNERSIGNIFICANT OTHERMAIN SQUEEZEINFORMAL BIT ON THE SIDETOY BOYBOY TOYDATED LADYLOVEBEAUARCHAIC SWAINCONCUBINEPARAMOUR
Taxonoymy

WIFEHUSBANDHAREMCONCUBINE

Kind Of

ADULT

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The most current general word for a partner of the other sex is pǐ 匹, and one suspects that even when the word refers to mates of one sex this meaning is an effect of the context rather than the meaning of the word itself.

2. O ㄆ偶 refers to a concrete partner or to more abstractly, like Modern Chinese duìxiàng 對象 to refer to the notion of someone who will fill the role of partner of the other sex. NB: one may qiú ǒu 求偶 and xuǎn ǒu 選偶, but it appears pǐ 匹 is not used in such contexts.

3. Qiú 逑 is a poetic poet and archaising word for a mate.

4. Bì 嬖 refers to a senior person's favourite of either sex with whom he may or may not entertain sexual relations as part of the relationship.

黄金貴:古漢語同義詞辨釋詞典

HUANG JINGUI 2006

HUMAN AFFAIRS 8. 配偶。

偶,通稱。

合,從婚姻而稱。

配,多指女性。

匹,指夫妻任何一方,但必與其他同義詞連用。

逑,所渴求的配偶。

儷,美稱,指女方。

特,指男方。

Modern Chinese Criteria

配偶

匹偶

同居

情人

情侶

冤家

對象

朋友

愛人

新歡

意中人

心上人

秋水伊人

情人

情侶

冤家

對象

朋友

愛人

新歡

意中人

心上人

秋水伊人

男朋友

情郎

蕭郎

玉郎

檀郎

潘郎

女朋友

蕭娘

姘頭

相好

外遇

first rough draft to identify synonym group members for future analysis 18.11.2003. CH

LUNHENG TONGYI 2004 論衡同義詞研究

LIU SHUXIN 1987 現代漢語同義詞詞典 2

GIRARD 1769 SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse 1.30.25

AMOUREUX.AMANT; AMANT.GALANT

HONG CHENGYU 2009 古漢語常用詞同義詞詞典 55

T.W.HARBSMEIER 2004 A New Dictionary of Classical Greek Synonyms NO.72

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • NP : 13
  • n : 12
  • NP=Npr : 3
  • npost-N : 2

Attributions by text

  • 春秋左傳 : 13
  • 賢愚經 : 4
  • 管子 : 2
  • 孟子 : 2
  • 法句經 : 2
  • 新論-漢-桓譚 : 1
  • 說苑 : 1
  • 禮記 : 1
  • 論衡 : 1
  • 莊子 : 1
  • 毛詩 : 1
  • 史記 : 1

Words

嬖人   bì rén OC: peeɡs njin MC: pei ȵin 7 Attributions
  • NP=Nprtitlefavourite. Sometimes refers to a concubine, in MENG 1.2.16 refers to a favourite official (acc to Yáng Bójùn)
  • NPfavourite (typically female) 公子州吁,嬖人之子也。
   ǒu OC: ŋooʔ MC: ŋu 4 Attributions

Ǒu 偶 refers to a concrete partner or to more abstractly, like Modern Chinese duìxiàng 對象 to refer to the notion of someone who will fill the role of partner of the other sex. NB: one may qiú ǒu 求偶 and xuǎn ǒu 選偶, but it appears pǐ 匹 is not used in such contexts.

  • nmate of any sex; right opposite number, right person
  • nfigurativeopposite number, opposite item; corresponding opposite
   pǐ OC: phid MC: phit 4 Attributions

The most current general word for a partner of the other sex is pǐ 匹, and one suspects that even when the word refers to mates of one sex this meaning is an effect of the context rather than the meaning of the word itself.

  • nmate, companion; peer
  • nhusban
綵女   cǎi nǚ OC: tshɯɯʔ naʔ MC: tshəi ɳi̯ɤ 4 Attributions
  • NPconcubine
   bì OC: peeɡs MC: pei 3 Attributions

Bì 嬖 refers to a senior person's favourite of either sex with whom he may or may not entertain sexual relations as part of the relationship.

  • nsubject=humana favourite, a lover
嬖妾   bì qiè OC: peeɡs skheb MC: pei tshiɛp 3 Attributions
  • NPfavoured concubine
   ǒu OC: ŋooʔ MC: ŋu 2 Attributions
  • npost-Nmate; proper mate; proper match
   qiú OC: ɡu MC: gɨu 1 Attribution

Qiú 逑 is a poetic poet and archaising word for a mate.

  • nmate (NB: this word can also refer to male mates.)
內嬖   nèi bì OC: nuubs peeɡs MC: nuo̝i pei 1 Attribution
  • NPharem favourite
雌雄   cí xióng OC: tshe ɢʷɯŋ MC: tshiɛ ɦuŋ 1 Attribution
  • NPnonreferentialfemale or male mate
配匹   pèi pǐ OC: phɯɯls phid MC: phuo̝i phit 0 Attributions
  • NPmate LUNHENG

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: