Taxonomy of meanings for 應:

  • yìng (OC: qɯŋs MC: ʔɨŋ) 於證切 去 廣韻:【同譍 】
  • yìng (OC: qɯŋs MC: ʔɨŋ) 於證切 去 廣韻:【物相應也説文作應當也於證切又音膺三 】
  • yìng (OC: qɯŋs MC: ʔɨŋ) 於證切 去 廣韻:【以言對也 】
  • yīng (OC: qɯŋ MC: ʔɨŋ) 於陵切 平 廣韻:【當也又姓出南頓本自周武王後左傳曰邦晉應韓武之穆也漢有應曜隱於淮陽山中與四皓俱徴曜獨不至時人語之曰南山四皓不如淮陽一老八代孫劭集解漢書 】
    • REACT
      • nabact(heavenly or supernatural) response (to what happens on earth); supernatural reaction/sign
      • vadVin response
      • vt[oN]respond properly; respond to things
      • vtoN.adVin response to
      • vtoNreact (to a stimulus); respond (to the ruler's initiatives etc), deal with
      • vtoNpassivebe responded to, get a response
      • vt(oN)react to the contextually determinate object
      • vtoNrespond properly to the actions of N
      • nabactive response
      • vt[oN]figurativeresonate to things
      • nab.post-Nof things: responsiveness; way of reacting of N
      • action>RESPOND
        • nabact(heavenly or supernatural) response (to what happens on earth); supernatural reaction/sign
        • vadVin response
        • vt[oN]respond properly; respond to things
        • vtoN.adVin response to
        • vtoNreact (to a stimulus); respond (to the ruler's initiatives etc), deal with
        • vtoNpassivebe responded to, get a response
        • vt(oN)react to the contextually determinate object
        • vtoNrespond properly to the actions of N
        • nabactive response
        • vt[oN]figurativeresonate to things
        • nab.post-Nof things: responsiveness; way of reacting of N
        • specific: speech-wise>ANSWER
          • vt(oN)respond (immediately) to the contextually determinate person N
          • vtoN. VtoSanswer (saying...) 應之曰
          • vtoNrespond immediately (in speech) to 應之; respond intellectually (to something challenging that has been said)
          • vtoSrespond: S; respond that S
          • vt(oN)+VtoSanswer to the contextually determinate person, saying:
          • specific>PROMISE
            • vttoN1.+N2promise to give N1 to N2
          • specific>REWARD
            • vttoN1.+VtoN2requite N1 with N2
          • =膺 specific: to offer etc>ACCEPT
            • vtoNaccept and take to heart; acknowledge
          • specific>APPROVE
        • action>CONFORM
          • viactcorrespond, resonate
          • vtoNcorrespond to, resonate with; respond positively to; (> to inluence)
          • vt(oN)resonate, respond positively
          • vtoNstativebe in conformity with
          • specific: with persons>COOPERATE
            • vtoNrespond positively so as to cooperate with
          • according to one’s merits>DESERVE
            • vt+V[0]deserve to V
      • grammaticalised: in response to conditions> PROBABLY
        • intensitive: inevitably>NECESSARY
          • vt+S1.post-S2logicshould logically> by necessity, presumably (given the conditions), be bound to (marking epistemic modality) (can also be negated, expressing that the proposition expressed in S1 cannot possibly be true under the condition expressed in S2)
      • read yīngIMMEDIATELY
        • vadVimmediately
        • grammaticalised>SHOULD
          • vt[0]+V[0]one should
          • vt+V[0]ought to; should, must
          • vt+V[0]counterfactualshould have
      • read yīngSTATES
        • nprZUO: small state in Henan Province