Taxonomy of meanings for 親:

  • qīn (OC: tshiŋ MC: tsʰin) 七人切 平 廣韻:【親古文 】
  • qīn (OC: tshiŋ MC: tsʰin) 七人切 平 廣韻:【親古文 】
  • qīn (OC: tshiŋ MC: tsʰin) 七人切 平 廣韻:【愛也近也説文至也七人切三 】
  • qìn (OC: tshiŋs MC: tsʰin) 七遴切 去 廣韻:【親家七遴切又七鄰切四 】
    • INTIMATE
      • nabdispositionproper intimacy of social relations; close and intimate relations; closeness of a relationship
      • v[adN]nonreferentialthose who are close to one, close allies; close friends
      • vadNintimate, close
      • vadVlovingly
      • vadVnegativewithout maintaining a discreet distance
      • vibe close to one; be close to each other; be on harmonious terms; have intimate releations with one another; be on close terms
      • vigradedbe dear to the heart, be emotionally close; be intimate 太親
      • vtoNcausativecause to become intimate; make close to each other
      • vtoNmutualshow personal close affection for, keep close to, be on close terms with; attach oneself to, develop close relations with
      • vtoNgradedtreat with intimate concern; show proper close concern for, treat with loving care
      • vt(oN)N=nonrefgain intimacy with others
      • vtoNobject=nonhufeel an affinity for, show intimate concern for (things)
      • vt+prep+Nbe more intimate than N
      • vt(oN)psychologicalhave warm feelings for the contextually determinate N
      • cognitively>KNOW
        • vtoNstativebe familiar with
      • exocentric: family-wise>RELATIVES
        • nabrelationalthe relation of kinship by blood (there are examples in HF, I think) 六親 "the six kinds of blood relations" variously defined in the commentarial literature.
        • nt[post-N]one's own relatives
        • ntnonreferentialblood relation, blood relations.
        • n[post-N]{PRED}relative
        • npost-NN's closest relatives, N's family members, N's kin
        • specifically>PARENT
          • ndualisparents: father and mother
          • nreference=mother onlyparent (reference to mother)
          • nt(post-N)parents, one's parents
          • vtoNattitudinaltreat as one's parents
          • nadVlike one's parents, in the way one's parents do
          • ntpost-NN's parents
          • specifically>FATHER
            • n(post-N)SHIJI: father
          • specifically>MOTHER
            • n(post-N)
    • exocentric: emotionally>FRIEND
      • npluralclose associates; friends
      • intensitive>LOVE
        • vtoNshow intimate loving concern for, feel close to
        • nabloving concern
        • vtoNreflexive.自show special concern for (oneself)
        • vtoNpassivebe felt to be intimately close, be shown intimate loving concern
      • actively>CONFORM
        • vtoNkeep in close accordance with (the law)
      • in action>PERSONALLY
        • vadVpersonally, in person
        • viacttake personal action
        • vtoNshow personal concern for
        • exocentric: do sth personally>ACT
          • viactundertake things personally; take action personally
          • vtoNdeal with N personally
      • spatially>NEAR
        • vt(oN)figurativekeep close to a contextually determinate person; get close to a contextually determinate person
        • active change>APPROACH
          • vt(oN)associate closely with, approach so as to associate closely with
          • physically, with body parts>TOUCH
            • vtoNtouch physically, make physical contact
            • [late, specifically: with lips> KISS]