Taxonomy of meanings for 下:

  • 下 xià (OC: ɢraaʔ MC: ɦɯa) 胡雅切 上 廣韻:【賤也去也後也底也降也胡雅切四 】
    • AND
      • vadV1.postV2and on the other hand
    • BAD
      • v[adN]N=thingwhat is of inferior quality
      • vadNof lower quality, of the lower kind; inferior
      • vadNsocialon an inferior level of culture
      • vibe of inferior quality, be of a lower kind; be inferior; be of inferior moral mettle
      • vtoNstativebe inferior to N
      • v[adN1.]post-N2the worst example
    • BECAUSE
      • npost-Nfigurativeunder the influence of> because of
    • BEHIND
      • n[post-N]N=armythe rear (of an army)
    • BELOW
      • viacttake the lower position, maintain the lower position, stay below something else
      • vt+Nfigurativeput (oneself) lower then N, maintain lower status in respect to N
      • n{PLACE}adVbelow
      • n[adN]what is low in the terrain; what is below one
      • nabfigurativelow position; lowness of musical pitch
      • nadNlow, lower
      • nadNfigurativelower > inferior; of the lower world; nether; under one's command
      • nadNfigurativebelow 下民
      • nadVfigurativeat the lower levels
      • npost-.N+ZHIbelow
      • npost-.N+ZHIfigurativeat a lower abstract level
      • npost-Nfigurativefig. below of N (e.g. > among the disciples of N)
      • npost-Ninsideunder (i.e. inside) (the tent etc)
      • npost-Nplacethe lower part; the place below something; low-lying place; the area at the foot of (a mountain)
      • npost-Nfigurativebelow; at the bottom of something; in status: lower
      • nt(post-N).adSbelow the contextually determinate N
      • vadVtextbelow (in the text)
      • vpostadVdirectiondirectional verbal complement: to V in downwards direction
      • vtoNstativebe below N in status
      • vibe directed downwards
      • n[post-N]the position below everthing else
      • n(adN)the place above the contextually determinate N
      • n[adN]what is below> the earth
      • vadVderivedat the lower level; at least 上...下
      • nadNlower
    • EARTH
      • nearth
    • EGO
      • v[adN]N=speakerI, the humble one
    • EVENT
      • ncpost-V1{NUM}:postadV2classifier(so and so many) times (Note Hanshu 三下?)
    • FALL
      • viprocessmove down> fall, come down
    • FUTURE
      • nadNfuture
      • VPt+V[0]one should not go about V-ing NB: It is quite possible that the syntactic category here should be VPt[0]+V[0].
    • HUMBLE
      • nplursubordinates; those who are of lower rank; inferiors
      • n|vadNof low rank; very low in rank; lower in rank, subordinate
      • nabsocialhumble social position
      • nadVat the more inferior level, addressing those below one's own status 下問
      • vibe very low in rank
      • vtoNcausativecause to be lower than (someone) in status; demote
      • npost-Ninferiors
    • INFERIOR
      • nadNjunior; inferior
      • vadVat least, in the least elevated level; towards the inferior levels of the society
      • n[adN](.post-N)inferiors
    • NEAR
      • npost-.N+ZHIvicinity of N
      • npost-Nplacethe vicinity; near (a city); in front of (a tent etc)
    • SIMPLE
      • vadVat a lowly and simple level, not 上 "on a high level"
    • STUDENT
      • v[adN]those below (the master) > disciple
    • SUBJECT
      • nsubject
      • nplura subordinate, a (public) servant; those below, the subjects; people of low status
      • DELETEsubjects, inferiors
      • v[adN1.post-N2]one's subjects/subordinates
      • v[adN.](post-N)the subjects of the contextually determinate N
    • VULGAR
      • vibe vulgar, be base
    • LOW
      • MARSH
        • CHIN
          • YOUNG
            • TIME
              • FEATURE
                • INSIDE
                • 下 xià (OC: ɢraaʔ MC: ɦɯa) 胡雅切 上 廣韻:【下古文 】
                • 下 xià (OC: ɢraas MC: ɦɯa) 胡駕切 去 廣韻:【行下又胡雅切 】
                  • CONQUER
                    • vtoNsubjugate, cause to surrender
                  • CRITICISE
                    • vtoN
                  • DECIDE
                    • vtoNmake an official decision on a matter and send it down for implementation
                  • DESCEND
                    • vifigurativego down (figuratively)
                    • viprocessgo down
                    • vt(oN.)-Vgo down to the contextually determinate place to V
                    • vt(oN)go down, get down (from a contextually determinate place); dismount from a carriage
                    • vtoNdescend from
                    • vtoNcausativelet somebody or something descend, cause something to come down; cause someone to dismount
                    • vtoNN=aimdescend into
                  • DESPISE
                    • vtoNhave no respect for the value of
                  • GIVE
                    • vttoN1:postvtoN2figurativehand (N2) down to (a recipient N1); pass over (a memorial N2) to (an official N1 for appraisal);
                  • PUT
                    • vtoNcausativeput down, put (brush) to paper
                  • RESPECT
                    • nabdisposition/actionrespectful attitude
                    • vtoNhumble oneself before> show respect to 下人"(as a superior) treat others with respect" to treat with humility, treat deferentially (persons whom one is not obliged to treat that way); mix congenially with (those who are of lower status)
                  • SEND DOWN
                    • vtoNsend down concretely
                    • vtoNfigurativeissue (and order); promulgate (an ordinance or law)
                    • vtoNpassivebe issued, be promulgated
                  • SURRENDER
                    • viactsurrender
                    • vtoNsurrender to, submit to
                    • vtoNcausativecause to surrender
                    • vtoNpassivebe surrendered to
                  • SWALLOW
                    • vtoN[GET DOWN>] get down one's throat, swallow
                  • CURE
                    • SEND
                      • PLAY
                        • FALL
                          • viprocessmove down> fall, come down
                        • LEAVE
                          • STOP
                            • ENTER
                              • DISCARD
                                • USE
                                  • STAY
                                    • BIRTH